Graft is common in the way that markets in Kinshasa are run.
South Africa should look towards inclusive growth to push back the growing levels of poverty within the population.
India's recent move toward a cash-free society helped reveal just how important physical currency is to the informal economies that the poorest families depend upon.
The heist and free trade are just opposite sides of the same coin.
The harassment of informal food vendors by national and municipal governments remains a major impediment to improving the resilience of the urban poor in African cities.
As cities trumpet their liveability, creativity and greenness, many informal settlement activities are often relegated to the shadows.
The history of artisanal training and employment in South Africa has been one of systematic social exclusion and inequality.
The control of imported goods is a quick fix that doesn't resolve fundamental economic problems. It must be accompanied by a policy focus on macroeconomic issues, labour and agriculture.