Articles on NAFTA

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Cargo containers from Asia are seen in the port of Vancouver in 2015. Canada needs to diversify its trade beyond the United States and increase our links to rapidly growing emerging market economies, particularly in Asia. (Shutterstock)

The urgent need for Canada to diversify its trade

Canada needs to diversify its trade beyond the United States and increase links to rapidly growing emerging market economies, particularly in Asia, despite the "anti-China" clause in the USMCA.
Canada’s dairy industry is being increasingly put at risk in trade negotiations. A visit to a Canadian dairy farm illuminates why the industry should be protected. (Shutterstock)

In defence of Canada’s dairy farmers

Countries that have phased out supply management systems in the dairy industry have seen an initial spike in production, then a steady decline. That's why Canada should protect its dairy farmers.
U.S. President Donald Trump announces a revamped North American free trade deal in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington on Oct. 1, 2018. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Make no mistake: The USMCA is an America-first trade deal

The USMCA, if ratified, will fundamentally alter North America’s political and economic structures, increasing American dominance over its neighbours.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Minister of Foreign Affairs Chrystia Freeland hold a news conference on the United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA) in Ottawa on Oct. 1, 2018. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang

How the new USMCA strengthens Canada in future trade deals

The USMCA, while imperfect, is overall a positive development for Canada. It has a number of structural elements that may very well leave us stronger when negotiating trade pacts in the future.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Minister of Foreign Affairs Chrystia Freeland arrive to hold a news conference on the United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA) in Ottawa on Oct. 1, 2018. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

The winners and losers in the new NAFTA

Who are the winners and losers in the new USMCA? It's complicated, but one thing's for certain: Canada should never again allow itself to be overly dependent upon one trading partner.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau gives a thumbs up as he arrives on Parliament Hill the morning after an agreement was reached on a new trade deal with Mexico and the U.S. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang

NAFTA has been replaced, but at what cost to Canada?

The relief that the U.S. didn’t make things even worse for Canada in the new NAFTA should be tempered by the realization that the moment of reckoning hasn’t passed; it’s only been postponed.
In this June 2016 photo, a border patrol agent walks near the secondary fence separating Tijuana, Mexico, from San Diego. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)

America needs more, not fewer, migrant workers

Free trade requires not just the free movement of goods, but of people too. If Donald Trump really wants the U.S. to have a competitive advantage, he should be encouraging more, not fewer, migrants.
In this April 2017 photo, Wisconsin dairy farmer Tim Prosser is seen with his cows. Canada’s tough stance on diafiltered milk via its supply-management system has caused hardship for farmers like Prosser, forced to consider selling their milking cows and shutting down family businesses. (AP Photo/Cara Lombardo)

How the dairy lobby’s cash grab put Canada in Trump’s crosshairs

Canadian dairy farmers were already well-heeled and well-protected from world market forces, but their cash grab over something called diafiltered milk has put the entire Canadian economy at risk.
The national flags of Canada, from left, the U.S. and Mexico, are lit by stage lights before a news conference at the start of North American Free Trade Agreement renegotiations in Washington. But Canada’s status is now unsure after the U.S. and Mexico announced progress on a bilateral deal. AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin

NAFTA negotiations: Two’s company, three’s a crowd?

An announcement that the United States and Mexico were close to a new trade deal came as a surprise to many. How did Canada become an afterthought during the NAFTA negotiations?
A different decision from the Supreme Court of Canada on inter-provincial trade barriers could have, among other things, finally forced politicians to deal with the country’s problematic supply management system for the dairy and poultry sectors. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

The measly $292.50 that could have transformed Canada’s agrifood sector

The Gérard Comeau case was never just about beer. It was essentially about enabling Canada's domestic economy across the country to thrive. Here's how the Supreme Court of Canada got it so wrong.
Andrés Manuel López Obrador acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to Mexico City’s main square, the Zócalo, on July 1, 2018. The leftist López Obrador won the election and is calling for reconciliation. (AP Photo/Anthony Vazquez)

Why Mexico’s historic elections may bring about big change

The election of Andrés Manuel López Obrador in Mexico could bring about stable change in a country marked by violence and social polarization.
Plans for a new bridge between Detroit and Windsor, Ont., named after hockey great Gordie Howe, will increase the flow of goods between Canada and the U.S. But Canada’s current trade war with the United States means the country should diversify its economy by relying less on its southern neighbour. HE CANADIAN PRESS/Dave Chidley

Beyond NAFTA: Canada must find new global markets

Is Canada ready for a scenario where the North American Free Trade Agreement is scrapped? The tense negotiations with the United States are a chance for Canada to diversify its trade partnerships.

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