Pregnant women in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia were faced with the double fear of dying from Ebola as well during childbirth.
We found that less than 1% of published research papers around the time of both outbreaks, that related to the outbreaks, actually explored their gendered impact.
Patients in a hospice in Myanmar.
REUTERS/Soe Zeya Tun
Increasing isolation threatens global health. International cooperation is critical to fighting diseases that will not respect borders.
Timeliness is important for detecting epidemics.
We need better surveillance systems to detect epidemics early. But while social media has been flagged as a potential solution, we're not quite there yet.
An illegal fishing vessel caught off the coast of Sierra Leone, a region where illegal fishing is a serious problem.
The fisheries sector in West Africa is beset with serious challenges including over-fishing and, in particular, illegal fishing.
A woman looks at a CDC health advisory sign about Zika at Miami International Airport
Politics, not epidemiology or medicine, drives government responses to disease. Politicians are the ultimate decision-makers in public health, and they must respond to political forces.
GMOs may very well have filled up that syringe.
Syringe image via www.shutterstock.com
Public health experts enlist the molecular biology tools that create genetically modified organisms – as well as the GMOs themselves – in the fight against emerging infectious diseases.
Man in a hospital via Shutterstock.
Thousands of people acquire infections while hospitalized. Many are caused by urinary catheters, a routine part of a hospital stay. But cutting back on their usage can lower infection rates.
Now that UN peacekeepers have left Liberia, the country has much work to do.
There's no doubt it was time for the United Nations mission in Liberia to end. But there are some gaps in the country's plan to move on without the men and women in blue helmets.
Magazine Wharf: home to some of Freetown’s hardest-hit Ebola survivors.
UK Department for International Development
After the Ebola outbreak claimed the lives of thousands across West Africa – Tom Solomon returns to talk to those still working in the aftermath.
Daniel Streicker/Julio Benavides
They kill thousands of animals and people every year by spreading rabies. New research findings could solve the problem.
Academics have sent an open letter to the World Health Organisation calling for the Olympics to be postponed or moved because of the Zika threat. They're overreacting.
Ed Hutchinson/University of Glasgow
Understanding how the flu virus copies itself could open a way to killing it.
So much more can be achieved if African researchers work together.
There are a number of stumbling blocks to intra African collaboration. These must be addressed to ensure that research is not duplicated and that findings are shared.
Some 60% of bugs that infect humans originated in animals.
The world’s scientific community is focused on how to improve detection and responses to emerging diseases such as Zika virus and Ebola. So what can we learn from the most recent large-scale outbreaks?
Rabies rates are rising in Africa.
New initiative with old handsets halves rates of the disease in southern Tanzania – and is being applied to other conditions, too.
A researcher looking at E.coli bacteria strain at the Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment in Latvia.
What is the difference between these pathogens, and how dangerous are they?
An Ebola training exercise at Madigan Army Medical Center’s Andersen Simulation Center, in the US.
John Liston/Army Medicine/ flickr
To tackle Zika and other viral outbreaks, we need to focus not only on the pathology of the disease, but also on the global political and economic architecture.
Black-headed flying fox (right) among a grey-headed colony.
Bats can carry some of the deadliest diseases known to affect humans and yet they don't seem to get sick. So what can we learn from a bat's immune system?
A reservoir of viruses.
Globalisation has ensured that pandemics are a fact of life, but are we learning from past mistakes?
Cassava feeds 800 million people - keeping it disease-free is a must.
Rapid genetic disease screening will be the key to saving East Africa's crops - just as it was during West Africa's ebola crisis.