The intertwining of the market, state and society has continued to see itself expressed through music in the DRC.
The DRC's Constitutional Court has upheld Felix Tshisekedi's presidential election win.
Confidence in democracy in the DRC will be built through incremental steps.
Felix Tshisekedi may have clinched DRC's presidency but the road ahead won't be a smooth one.
The DRC could be the exception after a year in which opposition parties fared badly across East and Central Africa.
The recent poll in the DRC was messy. Nevertheless, it showed that significant change is underway in the country.
It's been an eventful year for the Democratic Republic of Congo as the country prepares for elections.
Emmanuel Shadary is President Joseph Kabila's preferred presidential candidate meaning that Kabila could remain in power if not in office.
Jean-Pierre Bemba is a man with a past. Once accused of crimes against humanity, he is now making a play for the DRC's presidency.
African leaders need to acknowledge the gravity of the Congo crisis and apply pressure on Kabila.
Not all African leaders are willing to be swept by the democratic reforms of the early 2000s.
The Democratic Republic of Congo has been in turmoil since President Kabila refused to relinquish power at the end of his term. But there is hope of ending the stalemate.
Africa needs strong institutions. But they can only be built if there's a change in leadership.
Too often developments in one country are seen in isolation. In southern Africa events in one affect others in the region.
President Joseph Kabila was supposed to step down at the end of his term in 2016. By clinging on to power he threw the Democratic Republic of Congo into a vicious cycle of deadly conflict.
The outcome of the race between increasingly artful electoral manipulation and limitless possible manifestations of democratic expression is never entirely certain.
President Joseph Kabila remains in office despite upheaval in the DRC. He can still save face and a change of heart could see him become the first Congolese president to relinquish power.
For many of contemporary Congolese musicians the idea of authenticité was seen as a positive one at a certain level, even though Mobutu abused Congo culture to build his own personality cult.
Congolese President Joseph Kabila was due to step down last year after serving two terms. But he failed to organise elections leading to deadly protests. Is Congo's future now in grave danger?
Democracy is in a parlous state in many countries in southern Africa. Autocrats hold onto power, while electorates have little to choose from at the polls.