Newly recognised genetic populations carry their evolutionary history with them, and the history of their habits. This is why detecting new species is so important.
A patrol post in Virunga.
Using the army to fight illegal resource exploitation aggravates conflict.
The Virunga National Park is home to many people living off the land. Clashes between the army and those illegally extracting resources is causing huge problems for conservation.
A bonobo mother and her child.
Primate populations are declining around the world. The great apes are in danger of disappearing, and that bears a great risk for humanity itself.
Bald eagles are the best-known example of a successful recovery under the Endangered Species Act.
Critics say the Endangered Species Act does not work because only about 1 percent of protected species have officially "recovered." Two biologists explain why recovery is so hard to define.
The region faces some of the world's highest rates of habitat loss, as well as direct over-exploitation of species.
Cities today are flooded with light and we seldom think of its harmful impacts on the natural world.
Urban greening programs need to consider the harmful impacts of artificial lighting on ecosystems. Fortunately, we can do a lot to create more biosensitive lighting.
There might have been as many as 160,000 types of dinosaur, give or take.
BBC NHU/Fredi Devas
Some animals love living in the urban jungle – but they are a small minority, compared to those we risk losing to urbanisation.
Researchers have found that dragonflies have become on average lighter-colored over the past half-century in response to higher temperatures.
Study shows the footprint of climate change is already vast and that species are trying to adapt to rising temperatures.
Rainforests sustain stunning numbers of insect species, such as this Horny Devil Katydid from Ecuador.
Copy Morley Read/Shutterstock.
The organisms that we're now discovering are often more hidden and more difficult to catch than ever before.
Not your average starling.
Metallic starlings – not the kind that live in your roof – breed in huge colonies that draw thousands of animals.
South Africa’s Proteaceae family, makes up a part of fynbos, a floral region with plants unique to South Africa Cape Town’s Table Mountain National Park.
Restoring habitats have numerous benefits, they can also benefit humanity. But it is for people to be convinced that they can actually do good.
Suburban expansion on Perth’s fringe pushes into the SouthWest Ecoregion.
Richard Weller/Donna Broun
If Perth can preserve the rich biodiversity of its setting, it will become a model for sustainable city development that fully connects with the value of natural ecosystem services.
A valuable harvest.
American ginseng, a slow-growing native plant long used in traditional medicine, was abundant in colonial times. Now illegal harvesting and other stresses are pushing it close to extinction.
Shane Myers Photography / shutterstock
Huge reserves in the middle of the Pacific are fine, but what about conservation closer to home?
Citizen scientists have a great deal to contribute.
Mount Rainier National Park/Flickr
More and more Africans are becoming citizen scientists – and the benefits are huge both for them as individuals and for science on the continent.
Scientists are pioneering a new way of monitoring water species, using techniques more familiar to fans of crime scene TV shows.
As temperatures rise, will species have enough habitat to move to suitable ground?
Animals and plants will need escape hatches to move to cooler climes as the planet warms, but few parts of the U.S. have the natural habitat available for these migrations.
The mesquite tree was introduced into South Africa to aid farmers and local communities. It is now invasive in most parts of the country.
The invasive mesquite tree has a negative impact on everything from biodiversity to human health. Management programmes are crucial.
Human activity doesn't just reduce biodiversity – new research explores how we are continually creating new species and ecosystems, too.