One solution: free those remaining people imprisoned for their own protection.
Australia female prison population has soared but many are jailed for minor offences. The UK's radical approach to women and prison, outlined in the 2007 Corston report, offers a model for Australia.
What’s shocking about the treatment of detainees in youth detention is not so much the treatment of those vulnerable people, but that it is happening in a wealthy country like Australia.
Recent developments in the US suggest it might be time for Australia to rethink its reliance on private prisons.
The Islamist ideologue will be closely monitored, but is unlikely to cooperate with prison de-radicalisation initiatives.
What the Northern Territory's experience with state interventions reveals is that rather than protecting young people, it has placed them at greater risk of mistreatment and trauma.
Important questions are being asked about why children were abused in juvenile detention in the Northern Territory. But we also need to ask why children are being detained at all.
The Don Dale scandal is an opportunity to ask whether incarceration achieves the aims it sets out to achieve, or just further hardens criminals.
Worldwide, around 30 million people enter and leave prison each year. Of these people, around 4.5 million have hepatitis C, almost 1 million have HIV and 1.5 million have hepatitis B infections.
A few high-profile cases of jail inmates who committed suicide reveal only a fraction of the problem. NYU expert digs into why jail suicides may be on the rise -- again.
It got top billing in the Queen's speech but is anyone actually any clearer on what the government's prison reforms are?
The government has had to make many u-turns of late and that's unlikely to change now.
Closing Victorian jails is an opportunity to create prisons that benefit inmates – and society.
Standards for prenatal care for incarcerated women vary from state to state, and when care is available, the quality might not be adequate.
As a country that claims to uphold the human rights of all – including those before the law – Australia should take notice of international practice when it comes to life imprisonment.
Even though mental illness is consistently associated with criminal behavior, these conditions are largely undertreated in our prison system.
The undeniable difference between men and women when it comes to committing crime should be reflected in a fundamentally different approach to the sentencing of women.
Almost 60% of short-term prisoners reoffend - ensuring they have a place to stay could seriously reduce that risk.
Transgender woman Vikki Thompson died after being placed in an all-male prison. It's time we stuck up for the rights of trans people.
The screen is as close as many people get to experiencing prison. But do these dramas offer a realistic insight into life behind bars?