In matters of policy-making and governing, understanding the systemic complexity of interrelated forces is crucial to avoiding failure.
Thunder Bay has received national press for its historically inequitable relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. Local journalism could help the city face those challenges.
To grasp how extraordinary evils are often committed by ordinary people, we need to consider how we define evil, and most importantly, whom we consider to be the agents of evil.
Calls to "indigenize" universities must start with listening - to Indigenous scholars and nations. And real reparation will be painful for settlers, for it will be unsettling.