Articles on Indigenous

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Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is greeted by a crowd as he arrives to attend a community feast during a visit to Arctic Bay, Nunavut, in August 2019. Trudeau has said the relationship with Indigenous peoples is Canada’s most important, so why aren’t Indigenous issues getting much attention this campaign? THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Indigenous justice and reconciliation barely on the radar this Canadian election

Based on tweets written by 735 candidates from Canada's five major political parties, Indigenous issues are not on the national radar this election campaign. That's both strange and short-sighted.
A Mohawk flag is placed at the border of the Mohawk territory of Kanehsatà:ke and the town of Oka in July 2019. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Ryan Remiorz

The legacy of Oka in an era of supposed reconciliation

The federal government must intervene to resolve the ongoing land dispute and show it's serious about reconciliation.
Many genealogy forums recently claimed their distant ancestor, the French-born Catherine Pillard was Indigenous. Pillard arrived with other women in Quebec in the 17th century as depicted in this painting. Charles William Jefferys / Library and Archives Canada

How some North Americans claim a false Indigenous identity

Recently in Canada and the United States, a small, but vocal minority of white French-descendants have used an ancestor born between 300 and 400 years ago to claim an "Indigenous" identity.
Apologies without clear policy shift are typically rejected as ‘empty gestures.’ Here, more than 100 Indigenous people march on Parliament Hill in 1981 to protest the elimination of Aboriginal rights in the proposed Canadian Constitution. The Canadian Press/Carl Bigras

The road to reconciliation starts with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

It's the 12th anniversary of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Canada has yet to implement this declaration even though the TRC says the road to reconciliation needs to start here.
Unless the Productivity Commission inquiry examines the government’s shortcomings, it will fail to bring any necessary improvements. Inala Wangarra

A new inquiry into Indigenous policy must address the root causes of failure

When it comes to improving Indigenous policies and programs, Indigenous communities should be the ones evaluating government – rather than the other way around.
The family of Rebecca Maher, an Aboriginal woman who died in custody in 2016, believed access to a custody notification service would have been an important check in the absence of police care. Bianca De Marchi/AAP

Legal and welfare checks should be extended to save Aboriginal lives in custody

Tanya Day, Ms Dhu and Rebecca Maher are among the 400 people who have died in custody more than 25 years since the Royal Commission. How could those deaths have been avoided?
Pipeline pipes are seen at a Trans Mountain facility near Hope, B.C., on Aug. 22, 2019. Project Reconciliation is an Indigenous-led initiative that seeks to buy a stake in the pipeline. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jonathan Hayward

Indigenous ownership of the Trans Mountain pipeline would safeguard the environment

Project Reconciliation is a direct response to one of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's calls that Indigenous communities 'gain long-term sustainable benefits from economic development projects.'
Siena Stubbs, 17, from Yirrkala in East Arnhem Shire reads the Imagination Declaration on behalf of a group of Indigenous and non-Indigenous students at the 2019 Garma Festival. AIME

The Imagination Declaration: young Indigenous Australians want to be heard – but will we listen?

A group of school students have just shown what real leadership looks like on Indigenous issues – and you'll hear more about their ideas in coming months at your local school, childcare centre or uni.
Sports have long been seen as a way to improve outcomes in Indigenous communities, but more research is needed to structure better programs. Paul Miller/AAP

Are sports programs closing the gap in Indigenous communities? The evidence is limited

A review of 20 studies shows that sport can improve outcomes for Indigenous youth in education and culture, but the evidence on longer-lasting impacts is lacking.
The Queensland treaty process is still in the early stages and negotiations will not begin for several years. But it’s still a historic step forward for Indigenous communities. Tracey Nearmy/AAP

As the federal government debates an Indigenous Voice, state and territories are pressing ahead

Queensland has become the latest state or territory to embark on an Indigenous treaty process. But for lasting progress to be made, the federal government cannot shirk its responsibility.
The government’s proposal for a referendum will only happen if it can get consensus on the content of what would go into the constitution, and there’s a high probability of a favourable outcome. Dan Peled/AAP

Grattan on Friday: When it comes to Indigenous recognition, Ken Wyatt will have to close multiple gaps

It would be another miracle if the Morrison government managed to have a referendum passed to give Australia's Indigenous people constitutional recognition.
In his first major policy address, Ken Wyatt noted how previous governments have failed Indigenous Australians with a ‘top-down, command and control approach.’ Rohan Thomson/AAP

Listening with ‘our ears and our eyes’: Ken Wyatt’s big promises on Indigenous affairs

Ken Wyatt's promise of a referendum on constitutional recognition within three years marks a dramatic shift from the Turnbull government's rejection of the Uluru Statement of the Heart.
A teenage boy throws rocks in the northern Ontario First Nations reserve in Attawapiskat in April 2016. Poverty has a profound impact on First Nations, and Canada needs to take bold wealth- and income-creation measures for the Indigenous. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Nathan Denette

Charting an economic path forward for First Nations

The MMIWG report didn't address the poverty that has had such a devastating effect on First Nations. Encouraging active participation by the Indigenous in the Canadian economy is a win-win for everyone.
One Reconciliation Pole and two Welcome Figures were unveiled during a ceremony in honour of truth and reconciliation on National Indigenous Peoples Day in Vancouver on June 21, 2019. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Chad Hipolito

This Canada Day, we need a new citizenship oath

This Canada Day might be a good time for Canadians to think about the Truth and Reconciliation Calls to Action that ask Canadians to reject European sovereignty over Indigenous lands and peoples.
It is entirely unprecedented to have a sitting head of government admitting to ongoing genocide. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau during ceremonies at the release of the MMIWG report in Gatineau, on June 3. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld

Genocide is foundational to Canada: What are we going to do about it?

Political scientists concern themselves with ideas of democracy. Now that Canada's PM has accepted the finding of genocide, this changes how and what political scientists need to discuss.
Starvation, kidnapping and neglect policies add up to ongoing genocide. An eagle feather is held up during the release of the MMIWG report in Québec. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld

Colonial genocide is a composite act: A human rights analysis

The final MMIWG report says that genocide does not refer only to the deliberate murder of some or all members of a particular social group. It also refers to the destruction of a group as a social unit.

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