The three flu pandemics of the 20th century originated from birds, making it critical to fight bird flu. Breakthroughs in gene-editing chickens show promise for eliminating the disease in the future.
The National COVID Memorial Wall in London.
Memorialising a pandemic that is still underway is a challenge. Official commemoration needs to be about remembrance and preparedness.
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has evolved over time into multiple variants and sublineages.
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With the emergency phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in the rearview mirror, at least for now, we look back on a handful of stories that provided sharp insights at key moments in the pandemic.
In this November 1918 photo, a nurse tends to a patient in the influenza ward of the Walter Reed hospital in Bethesda, Md.
AP Photo/Harris & Ewing via Library of Congress
During the 1918 flu pandemic, white people died at similar rates to Black Americans, according to a new study – a very different pattern than what occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic.
A painting by Nicolas Poussin titled ‘The Athenian Plague’ shows people dying of the plague.
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A scholar of ancient Greek literature goes back to the account of Greek historian Thucydides on the spread of plague and finds parallels in the American response to the health crisis today.
Wishing won’t be enough to make the pandemic history.
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None of our authors can see the future, but many do have expertise that offers insights about what’s reasonable to expect.
Men wearing masks outside a military hospital in New York during the 1918 influenza pandemic.
How the pandemic is reported by the media can influence people’s behaviour.
Two men discover a dead body in the street during the Great Plague of London.
19th-century wood engraving. Herbert Railton/Wellcome Collection
Accounts of previous epidemics – by Samuel Pepys, Daniel Defoe and Katherine Porter – warn of mistakes that we risk repeating.
In the wake of COVID-19, the 2020s may be a time when we reconsider how we work, run governments and have fun, just as the 1920s were. This illustration of a flapper girl, created by artist Russell Patterson in the 1920s, captures the style of that era.
(Library of Congress)
A century ago, the end of the 1918 flu pandemic was followed by a period of prosperity, cultural flourishing and social change known as the Roaring ‘20s. Will the end of COVID-19 launch a similar era?
Armistice Day celebrations on Nov. 11, 1918, worried public health experts as people crowded together in cities across the U.S.
Americans were tired of social distancing and mask-wearing. At the first hint the virus was receding, people pushed to get life back to normal. Unfortunately another surge of the disease followed.
Apia harbour on the island of Upolu, Samoa, where the deadly influenza virus came ashore in 1918.
After recent suspected COVID-19 cases and with repatriation flights postponed, Samoa takes no chances.
Chicago students doing broadcasted ‘radio school’ lessons in 1937.
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This isn’t the first time America’s schoolchildren have studied remotely – and Chicago’s 1937 ‘radio school’ experiment shows how technology can fill the gap during a crisis.
The arts, literature and culture provide models for hope and resilience in times of crisis.
The radical hope we find in the arts, culture and literature is often a reflection of the times. Drawing from the past there are many examples of how dreams can become a form of resilience.
A scene from Giovanni Boccaccio’s ‘The Decameron’ – sales of which have reportedly risen during the pandemic.
John Waterhouse/Lady Lever Art Gallery
Narratives throughout history illustrate how pandemics make people grapple with their faith, leading them to deepen religious beliefs or reject them altogether.
Policemen in Seattle, Washington, wearing masks made by the Red Cross, during the influenza pandemic, December 1918.
As the US battled the 1918 influenza pandemic, some communities staged contentious battles against wearing masks. Sound familiar?
Donald Trump is no Winston Churchill and the coronavirus pandemic is not like a world war.
(AP Photo/Tim Ireland)
It’s always dangerous to put present-day events into historic perspectives. That’s especially true when political leaders have compared the coronavirus pandemic to a war effort.
Daily deaths from COVID-19 have rarely been below 600 in the U.S. since March.
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There’s no scientific definition for a wave of disease – and no evidence that the original onslaught of coronavirus in the US has receded much at all.
A list of rules from the U.S. Public Health Service in 1918 to reduce the chances of contracting or spreading the devastating flu pandemic.
Getty Images / Fototeca Storica Nazionale
How politicians and the public in Denver, Colorado handled the 1918 flu epidemic is relevant to today.
The U.S. as a whole is facing a huge surge in coronavirus cases, but the differences between states like New York and Florida are striking.
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The recent spike in new coronavirus cases in the US is not due to a second wave, but simply the virus moving into new populations or surging in places that opened up too soon.
A Cholera Patient, Random Shots No. 2. Cartoon by British satirist Robert Cruikshank, circa 1832.
Pandemic histories are useful for understanding COVID-19, but how they connect with race, public health, revolution, labour and colonialism are needed to explain the present and predict the future.