Shade trees buffer cocoa plants from heat and water stresses, and create conditions that benefit their growth.
But often these new 'forests' have only grown thanks to increased deforestation abroad.
Tropical deforestation can release a huge amount of carbon into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change.
A mythical Amazonia of lost tribes or lost cities is easy to challenge on a factual basis, but such objections appear rather feeble in the face of the power of cliché.
Thousands of dirt roads crisscross the Brazilian Amazon, serving ranchers, loggers and miners. The area's fragile waterways — and the spectacular fish that live in them — pay a high price.
Forest fires emit twice as much carbon in the Brazilian Amazon as deforestation, according to new research.
Australian government environmental funding has decreased by a third since 2013. At the same time, Australia is experiencing massive species loss as funding for the sector dries up.
This massive savannah needs restoration but we can't rely on food companies to do the hard work.
Chinese investment is driving an unprecedented investment boom in global infrastructure. But despite its claims to be pursuing green development, China's building bonanza is harming the planet.
A bold new commitment from the cocoa and chocolate industry to end deforestation is welcome. But we must avoid blaming the farmers.
Brazil has been throwing money at Amazonian cattle farmers, hoping they'll adopt 'greener' crops like fruit or corn. A new study shows why loans won't fix the environmental issue presented by ranches.
Deforestation has wiped out most other predators, so the lizards have lots of food and little competition.
A new approach to monitor changes to the earth's surface uses maps that consist of physical and human geographic data to explain what's changed.
Brazil claims mining and logging will boost the economy and help it protect the environment. But there is little evidence this works.
Conservationists need to assess costs which allow for the adequate compensation of communities on protected lands, whose livelihoods are deeply entwined with forest use.
There are rising concerns that rapid deforestation across the Amazon and Southeast Asia could spread to Africa. The continent hasn’t yet seen vast agricultural expansion but it could be on the way.
Human alteration of the natural environment will make malaria increasingly difficult to control in the years to come.
International and local demand have brought Madagascar's palm species to the brink of extinction.
A new survey has identified millions of hectares of forest in dryland areas, a finding that boosts the total global forest cover by 9% and has significant consequences for carbon budgets.
A new report calls U.S. forests an undervalued asset for slowing climate change. It warns that they are being degraded by logging for wood, paper and fuel, particularly in the Southeast.