Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso have much to lose if they cannot migrate to and from neighbouring countries in Ecowas.
Will the Wagner Group under new leadership uphold the ruthless modus operandi that propelled it to the spotlight in Africa?
Border closures between Sahelian and coastal countries have had devastating consequences for the regional economy.
Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger announced their intention to leave Ecowas. This may be a pointer to a deeper crisis in the Sahel region.
The decision by the three countries could change the dynamics of Ecowas.
Niger’s recent military romance with Russia could escalate tensions with France, regional allies and the European Union.
Foreign powers’ interest in the Sahel is driven by its natural resources and strategic location for security and illegal migration control.
Regularising freer movement of people across African borders is one of the continent’s great developmental challenges.
Ecowas’ threats to intervene militarily in Niger played a role in the creation of the Alliance of Sahel States, whose members have pledged to assist each other in the event of aggression.
Ecowas regulations on pastoralism discourage big investment in livestock and need to be reformed in line with present day realities.
Ali Bongo is the latest in a string of leaders to be ousted in military coups since 2020.
Boko Haram may be the unintended beneficiary of the crisis created by the recent coup in Niger.
A geopolitical struggle for valuable resources such as uranium is behind the wrangling over Niger.
Economic infrastructure that affects several African countries runs through Niger.
The use of force to end the coup in Niger would come at great cost and cripple the regional fight against terrorism.
A combination of Nigerian and Nigerien factors dim prospects of Ecowas military intervention in Niger.
All eyes are on Nigeria where west African countries are discussing the possibility of military intervention to reverse the coup.
The coup in Niger has the potential to further destabilise the whole of west Africa.
Ethnic politics, the presence of foreign troops and the weaknesses of past responses to coups encouraged Niger’s recent military takeover.
Immigration policy is so highly politicised that the South African government seems afraid to move.