The use of mother tongues as languages of instruction has become popular in many parts of Africa.
Issouf Sanogo/Getty Images
Bilingual education can improve learning outcomes but it’s important to consider local context.
A protester holds a placard reading ‘down with Ecowas’ during a rally in Bamako on 1 February 2024.
Ousmane Makaveli /AFP via Getty Images
Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso have much to lose if they cannot migrate to and from neighbouring countries in Ecowas.
Weapons and ammunition seized from Islamist fighters by the Malian army.
Joel Saget/AFP via Getty Images
Slums in Bamako, Mali are transforming into landscapes of protracted unrest, civil conflict, violent extremism and urban insurgency.
A makeshift memorial for the head of the Wagner Group, Yevgeny Prigozhin, who died in August 2023.
Natalia Kolesnikova/AFP via Getty Images
Will the Wagner Group under new leadership uphold the ruthless modus operandi that propelled it to the spotlight in Africa?
Leaders of Ecowas at a meeting in Abuja, Nigeria on 10 December 2023.
Nigerian Presidency /Handout/Anadolu via Getty Images
Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger announced their intention to leave Ecowas. This may be a pointer to a deeper crisis in the Sahel region.
Ecowas has struggled to handle a raft of military coups.
U.S. Army Southern Europe Photostream/Flickr
The decision by the three countries could change the dynamics of Ecowas.
Children’s education is frequently disrupted in conflict-fraught areas.
Daniel Beloumou Olomo/AFP via Getty Images
Education can spur peace and development. Here are five essential reads on the topic.
Created in 2014, the G5 Sahel security alliance is about to be dissolved after members pulled out.
Issouf Sanogo/AFP via Getty Images
Foreign powers’ interest in the Sahel is driven by its natural resources and strategic location for security and illegal migration control.
Min Htet San/EPA
From Myanmar to Pakistan, these countries have long-simmering conflicts or increasingly dissatisfied publics that could worsen in the new year.
Rock carving of an elephant at the Tassili N'Ajjer National Park, Tadrart Rouge, in Algeria.
Eric Lafforgue/Getty Images
The Sahara Desert is green and vegetated every 21,000 years. A climate model shows why.
West Africa is struggling to deal with increasing terrorist attacks.
The terrorism discourse in Ghana shows how flawed views of the war on terror continue to shape thinking about security.
Inmates are seen sitting at the male section of the Johannesburg Correctional Centre, known as Sun City.
Photo by Michele Spatari/AFP via Getty Images
Finland’s experience shows the value of applying sensible conflict transformation perspectives in the management of crime.
Kora star Ballaké Sissoko at the sacred place of Sanementereng in The Gambia.
Screengrab/Ballaké Sissoko: Kora Tales/Vimeo
The extraordinary documentary Ballaké Sissoko: Kora Tales takes a journey from Mali to The Gambia.
A group of soldiers from the Niger gendarmerie at the gendarmerie school on 11 January 2023 in Niamey, Niger.
David Zorrakino/Europa Press via Getty Images
Ecowas’ threats to intervene militarily in Niger played a role in the creation of the Alliance of Sahel States, whose members have pledged to assist each other in the event of aggression.
The famous Malian footballer Salif Keïta (left).
Universal/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images
Salif Keïta helped define African football’s relationship with the rest of the world, was influential in France and shaped the game in Mali.
Emmanuel Macron has found himself to be an unpopular figure in parts of Africa.
The French president has struggled to maintain the influence his country gained in Africa through colonialism.
Yevgeny Prigozhin, the late founder of the Russian private security company Wagner.
Wagner Account/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
Russia is not interested in helping Africa to prosper or achieve stability, but as a theatre for advancing the Kremlin’s geostrategic interests.
Russia was using the mercenary group to further its foreign policy aims in west Africa. There’s no reason to think Prigozhin’s death will change that.
Chadian soldiers form part of a regional force, 2015.
Philippe Desmazes/AFP via Getty Images
Boko Haram may be the unintended beneficiary of the crisis created by the recent coup in Niger.
Niger is central to several economic and political initiatives in the Sahel.
Guenter Guni/Getty Images
Economic infrastructure that affects several African countries runs through Niger.