The Sudanese state today betrays its history as a plunder state on the margins of the global order.
An African-led process would take into account complex regional dynamics – which would lead to a better and more stable peace agreement.
Sudan’s university students have played a key role in liberation struggles.
The Sudan army’s superiority is in its air force and arsenal of ground forces while the rival paramilitary force relies on nimble mobile units.
Sudan’s civilian protesters have gained a form of political power that traditional elites have struggled to attain.
There is a risk that Sudan’s conflict could spill over into neighbouring countries.
Sudan was formed by conquest, and its politics and, increasingly, its wealth have been controlled by the military ever since.
Omar al-Bashir fell in 2019, but his military successors have preserved much of the authoritarian infrastructure of his regime.
Armed group, mercenaries, mining, power struggles. It’s a familiar story in Africa, sadly.
The Rapid Support Forces were created by former president Omar al Bashir to protect his regime from rebels - but they soon became a threat to both him and the future government.
Sudan’s neighbours are urging restraint, favouring more business, less war. Both generals are aware the longer the situation goes on, the more unsustainable it will become.
Violence in Sudan threatens to throw the troubled nation into chaos. A scholar of the region explains what is going on and what’s at stake.
Hemedti ably used his commercial acumen and military prowess to build his militia into a force more powerful than the waning Sudanese state.
The government must not trample on its own laws and court decisions. Compliance with the constitution must be the priority.
The spy watchdog needs to make its findings on complaints against the country’s intelligence agencies public as a matter of principle.
Vladimir Putin has a history of flattening cities in time of conflict. But alleged war crimes in Chechnya and Syria never resulted in charges, let alone prosecutions. Will Ukraine be any different?
Leaders typically spread power among their ‘rival allies’ to keep it and co-opt enough of those elites in exchange for political support.
Competing visions of Sudan’s future are coming to a head with the democratic aspirations of millions hanging in the balance.
Just as Algeria and South Africa could not stop Morocco’s entry into the AU, neither can they stop Israeli accreditation.
Sudan’s new government came to power after a people-driven process to oust former President Omar al-Bashir. It must be careful to place ordinary Sudanese at the centre of the reforms process.