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Articles on developing countries

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A market place in Ghana’s capital Accra. Developing countries like Ghana risk being left behind in the race to secure COVID-19 vaccines. Christian Thompson/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

Dummy’s guide to how trade rules affect access to COVID-19 vaccines

A waiver on some intellectual property rules at the WTO for COVID-19 vaccines would ensure more equitable access, but wouldn't solve all the problems facing developing countries.
PM Boris Johnson (left) and Chancellor Rishi Sunak have come up with money to underwrite wages, rescue packages and meal vouchers during the pandemic. Jonathan Brady/PA Wire/PA Images

How countries are raising debt to fight COVID and why developing nations face tougher choices

Developing countries face greater risks raising money to deal with the pandemic. Zambia is now on the verge of being the first 'COVID default' and other developing countries could follow suit.
The TRIPS waiver enables WTO member states to manufacture and distribute COVID-19 drugs and medical supplies that would normally be protected by patents. (Pixabay)

COVID-19 drug and vaccine patents are putting profit before people

The TRIPS waiver makes COVID-19 treatments more accessible globally by enabling manufacture and distribution of COVID-19 drugs and medical supplies that would normally be protected by patents.
Farmer-led development projects in places like Tanzania, shown here, can increase access to food and water, and reconnect people to nature. (Cecilia Schubert/flickr)

How to reduce poverty and re-connect people to nature

Farmer-led development work can improve people's lives, provide access to food and water - and re-connect them to nature.
Irrigated fields, like these in Nigeria, increase the risk of workers getting malaria. Arne Hoel / World Bank

Malaria testing and treatment increases worker wellness – as well as effort

Health investments raise worker productivity, but firms may not observe changes in worker effort. Technology that measures physical activity demonstrates these potential gains.
Smallholder agriculture in southern Ethiopia. Smallholder farmers are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. Leah Samberg

World hunger is increasing thanks to wars and climate change

According to the UN, world hunger is rising for the first time in 15 years. The answer is not only growing more food, but also buffering small-scale farmers against climate change and armed conflicts.
Ethiopian girls carrying water. Waterdotorg

Women still carry most of the world’s water

According to a new UN report, more than two billion people around the world do not have access to clean, safe water in their homes. Most of the work of getting water falls to women and girls.
Heavy gray smog blankets northeastern China, including Beijing and Tianjin, on Dec. 18, 2016 during a five-day air pollution ‘red alert.’ NASA Earth Observatory

When some US firms move production overseas, they also offshore their pollution

New research shows that importing goods from low-wage countries has helped US manufacturers shift production to less-polluting industries, produce less waste and spend less on pollution control.

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