A ladybug crawls on a paloverde flower in Joshua Tree National Park, California.
Hannah Schwalbe, NPS/Flickr
With the world losing species at an alarming rate, a conservation biologist explains how ideas about protecting biodiversity have evolved over the past 40 years.
Although it is important to have a diversity of tree species in urban landscapes, planting and protecting taller species should be strongly encouraged.
There is a growing interest in planting small trees in urban areas. However, large trees have significant advantages.
Fela Sanu via GettyImages
Nigeria should urgently protect three freshwater ecosystems as these undisturbed environments are becoming rare globally.
Scientists’ involvement in media reporting on fire leads to more nuanced and balanced messages.
Cathy Withers-Clarke via shutterstock
Fire must be allowed to play its natural role.
Mistletoes parasitising African locust bean trees in Amurum Forest Reserve.
Reforestation programmes should consider the parasitic relationship between mistletoes and their hosts and their ecological benefits for bird diversity.
Litter after recent looting in Durban, South Africa. The city recently introduced a scheme that looks to protect biodiversity and associated ecosystems.
Urban ecosystem services sustain life but aren’t well protected.
Researchers have estimated the gross ecosystem product (GEP) of Qinghai province in China.
Jiaye Liu / shutterstock
Radical new thinking is required to fight climate change, and ‘gross ecosystem product’ might help.
Introduced species that become invasive are clearly destructive, but many exotic species are not detrimental to the existing ecosystem – some become complementary or take on lost ecological roles.
Sandstorm approaching Merzouga Settlement in Erg Chebbi Desert, Morocco.
Humanity’s biggest challenges are not technical, but social, economic, political and behavioural. Effective actions are still possible to stabilise the climate and the planet, but must be taken now.
Provided by the author.
The decline of forest creatures like the Chapman’s chameleon are warning signs that forests are losing integrity.
River fish like trout swim close to the river surface as water temperatures rise.
The growing frequency of climate extremes affected human health and caused wide-scale damages to the ecosystems that people depend upon, including agriculture, fisheries and freshwater.
A drilling pad for oil and gas in Robinson Township, Penn.
Robert Nickelsberg/Getty Images
Abandoned US oil and gas wells and their associated land cover more than 2 million acres, a recent study estimates – an area larger than Delaware and Rhode Island combined.
Sunrise over Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota.
When something is free, people use a lot of it. Economists are urging governments to compute values for natural resources – wildlife, plants, air, water – to create motives for protecting them.
Coastal areas in West Africa are under intense pressure from demographic growth, economic expansion and ongoing climate change.
Around the world, fragile coastal ecosystems are under intense pressure, and understanding and managing their complex interactions requires an integrated and interdisciplinary approach.
Working landscapes, including farms, forest and rangelands, will be key to meeting conservation goals.
New approaches are required for Canada to meet its current conservation goals.
A flock of birds flies near Lake Manyara, Tanzania.
Luc Janssens de Bisthoven
Biosphere reserves are the living labs in which people and nature learn how to live and thrive together. Four pilot sites in Africa show the programme’s promise.
Excavator, farmer, matchmaker: echidnas provide a host of benefits to nature. So let’s harness the potential.
The priceless view over Loch Lomond, Scotland.
Gary_Ellis_Photography / shutterstock
People both for and against pricing biodiversity need to work together to protect the natural world.
Col de Port, in the French Pyrenees.
We think of mountains as remote and little affected by human activity. Unfortunately, the negative impacts of what we do has important implications for nature, wildlife and human society.
Eelgrasses covered with small snails, which keep the leaves clean by feeding on algae that live on them.
Healthy seagrasses form underwater meadows teeming with fish and shellfish. A successful large-scale restoration project in Virginia could become a model for reseeding damaged seagrass beds worldwide.