Articles on HIV

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A women gets an HIV test. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for the majority of the HIV deaths annually. World Bank Collection/flickr

Two trials signal pivotal point in fight against the AIDS epidemic

Two major clinical trials will be conducted in South Africa in 2016 to test ways of preventing new HIV infections.
We don’t know Charlie Sheen’s specific medical details. But HIV treatment is effective at reducing transmission. Mike Segar/Reuters

Explainer: what is the risk of transmitting HIV?

Charlie Sheen’s recent announcement that he has HIV has raised concerns about whether he may have transmitted the infection to other people.
Charlie Sheen revealed he is HIV positive and has spent millions paying people to keep quiet. Why? Reuterspics/Mike Segar

Charlie Sheen and ten million dollars worth of HIV stigma

That Charlie Sheen would have to pay millions of dollars to keep his HIV status private is indicative of the level of stigma still attached to it.
In Malawi men who have sex with men can access healthcare services but they do not always get adequate treatment, care and support. shutterstock

Why men who have sex with men have problems with health care in Africa

Malawi and Tanzania have created programs to provide sexual and reproductive health services and HIV interventions. But men who have sex with men say it's still difficult to access care.
Understanding where and how the virus hides on treatment is one of the biggest questions facing scientists working on HIV. ROLEX DELA PENA/EPA/AAP

HIV latency: a high-stakes game of hide and seek

Ebola’s clever trick – to lie dormant inside a cell or to hide in a particular organ – is not unfamiliar. Lots of viruses do it. HIV is the master of such a trick.
The reservoirs of dormant HIV have been the main barrier to a cure. anaxila/Flickr

Cancer drug promises to break down barrier to HIV cure

Researchers have found a promising way of kicking the AIDS virus out of its hiding place in infected cells, potentially removing the main obstacle to curing HIV.
Sexual contact between men remains the main route of HIV transmission. Aristocrats-hat/Flickr

Five reasons why HIV infections in Australia aren’t falling

Despite health promotion campaigns and a concerted effort to make antiretroviral therapy more accessible, the number of new HIV cases in Australia has remained stable over the last three years.
Poverty is rife in Malawi, with more than 90% living on less than US$2 a day. One of the reasons young urban Malawians give for engaging in transactional sex is to get food. Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

What’s driving young people to have transactional sex in Malawi’s slums

Material deprivation and young people desiring the latest fashion trends are motivating the transactional sex relationships in Malawi's urban slums.
Horse-rider Potso Seoete makes an HIV-drug delivery to the Molika-liko health clinic in a remote district of Lesotho. EPA/Jon Hrusa

Why a regional approach could help end drug stockouts in southern Africa

Medicine shortages in southern Africa, particularly of anti-retrovirals for HIV patients, require urgent attention. A regional approach to distribution has been tried in South America and could work for the region.
US First Lady Michelle Obama visits a centre in Botswana that supports young people affected by HIV. Botswana has one of the highest HIV infection rates in the world. Charles Dharapak/Reuters

Extra year of secondary schooling reduces HIV rates in Botswana

This study appears to be the first causal evidence that formal education and reduced HIV infection rates go hand in hand.
Children in particular experience a multitude of viral illnesses during their early years. MIKI Yoshihito/Flickr

Health Check: when are we most likely to catch viral diseases?

Viruses cause all kinds of infections from relatively mild cases of the flu to deadly outbreaks of Ebola. Clearly, not all viruses are equal and one of these differences is when you can infect others.
Indonesia is forcing people with drug dependence problems to go into rehab. joloei/www.shutterstock.com

Forced rehabilitation of drug users in Indonesia not a solution

Indonesia's war on drugs aims to protect the country's young generation from an alleged "national drug emergency." But the government's coercive approach is harming the people it wishes to protect.

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