Iceland is known as ‘the land of fire and ice’ for a reason.
Scientists were not previously certain how the precious stones arrived at the Earth’s surface.
One in ten people around the world live near an active volcano. Understanding the drivers of eruptions is crucial.
Some rocks will burn, and others will melt, depending on how they were formed and what minerals they contain.
As they shape the Earth, volcanoes inspire and terrify humans.
The eruption of Mauna Loa is a profound spiritual experience for many Native Hawaiians. An anthropologist explains Native American beliefs on the living Earth and volcanic lava.
A scientist who led one of the first projects to map the Hawaiian Islands’ deep volcanic plumbing explains what’s going on under the surface as Mauna Loa erupts.
Earth has liquid rock inside. Here’s what happens to that rock to make lava happen.
Drones can be used to collect gas samples from active volcanoes, where it is too dangerous for researchers. This data can be then used to predict the frequency and severity of eruptions.
There’s a curious 200-million-year rhythm to Earth’s crust production. Now, it seems like our very place in the galaxy is tied to it.
The eruption is akin to a weapons-grade chemical explosion, and there could be several weeks or even years of major volcanic unrest to follow.
A previously unknown filtering process inside some volcanoes can cause magma to shoot out like champagne from a bottle - and perhaps even make it easier to forecast when a volcano is about to erupt.
I look at fragments of the Earth’s mantle under a microscope to learn how fast molten rock moves from deep in the Earth to the surface. This can help us prepare for future volcanic eruptions.
The eruption prompted the evacuation of about 20,000 people, with no casualties.
The rocks provide rare evidence of a time when Earth’s surface was a deep sea of incandescent magma.
Exploration of ancient magma chambers in fossil volcanoes has the potential to provide new sources of metals that will facilitate environmentally friendly technologies.
Geophysicists use sound waves to build a picture of the magma and rock beneath this active volcano, most of which is underwater. It’s like CT scanning the Earth.
Scientists say they’ve found a new method to help predict when volcanoes will erupt, based on data crunched from an eruption last year in Hawaii.
Compared to Earth, more “oomph” is required to bring magma to the surface of Mars, and this is probably why we haven’t seen any recent eruptions on the red planet.
Important points about volcanoes: location matters, explosiveness can be predicted to an extent, and fast-moving flows of volcanic materials (known as pyroclastic flows) are deadly.