The earthquake was caused by the collision of two tectonic plates.
Earthquakes cannot be predicted; the best tools to mitigate the impact are seismic hazard studies.
There’s no single reason many Asian animals spread to Australia but few went the other way – but climate, geography and the slow drift of tectonic plates all played a role.
Variations in the thickness of tectonic plates may explain why Britain experiences many more earthquakes than neighbouring Ireland.
As they shape the Earth, volcanoes inspire and terrify humans.
The idea that scientists could warn a region that a big quake was coming at a certain time – with enough advance notice for large-scale preparation and evacuation – remains a dream, not a reality.
Starting at the surface, you would have to dig nearly 2,000 miles before reaching the Earth’s core. No one could survive that trip – and the 10,000-degree F heat once there would vaporize you anyway.
A scientist who led one of the first projects to map the Hawaiian Islands’ deep volcanic plumbing explains what’s going on under the surface as Mauna Loa erupts.
New modelling shows how tectonic plate movements, carbon-rich deep-sea sediment, and mountain weathering have regulated Earth’s climate.
When sea sediment melts inside the Earth, it helps tectonic plates slide over one another smoothly.
From far north Queensland to the southern tip of Tasmania, there is a common geological mechanism that links Eastern Australia’s volcanic history.
The Atlantic Ocean is still growing physically, but humans are over-harvesting its rich fisheries. The most famous one – North Atlantic cod – has become a textbook example of harmful overfishing.
Earth’s magnetic field locks information into lava as it cools into rock. Millions of years later, scientists can decipher this magnetic data to build geologic timelines and maps.
New research uncovers the fundamental factors that control the Earth’s surface, providing insights into how land levels will respond to the melting of ice sheets and sea level rise.
Our expedition drilled into the recently discovered underwater continent of Zealandia, revealing a new picture of the violent geological forces that created it.
A tricky kind of earthquake that happens in the soft rock of the ocean floor causes much larger tsunamis than their magnitude would predict. New research pinpoints a way to identify the danger fast.
Post-earthquake aftershocks are often assumed to be less violent, but that’s not always the case.
We undertook a 28-day voyage to explore a possible lost continent in a remote part of the Coral Sea, in an area off the coast of Queensland. Here’s what we found.
Exploration of ancient magma chambers in fossil volcanoes has the potential to provide new sources of metals that will facilitate environmentally friendly technologies.
As strange as it sounds, rocks are made from stardust.