The frequency and intensity of repetitive behaviours vary between mild and severe, which is why it’s called a spectrum.
It's been 25 years since autism was redefined and the surge in diagnoses and research began. But while we've come along way in our understanding of the spectrum, advances in drug therapies has lagged.
Neurons treated with a fluorescent dye show their interconnections.
Finding out more about how the brain works could help programmers translate thinking from the wet and squishy world of biology into all-new forms of machine learning in the digital world.
A new study on consciousness could help answer the question"will they ever wake up?“
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Consciousness has long been debated, particularly in the decades since devices have been used to keep people alive after brain injury. A new study suggests that some people can "wake up" after injury.
Living near green spaces is associated with better cognition.
Some previous research suggests people living in rural areas may be at a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. But these results tell a different story.
The path from decision to action is a winding one.
Our everyday lives are full of decision dilemmas. To understand why we make particular choices, scientists investigate how our brain deals with uncertainty.
People exposed to low levels of sunlight are more likely to have MS than those who live in warm climates.
Young women are disproportionately affected by multiple sclerosis, a disease where the body attacks the brain, scrambling communication to the rest of the body. Here's what we know about the causes.
There’s a reason we apologise to our livers after a big night, and it’s not pretty.
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What is it that makes us feel drunk when we drink? And why do we keep drinking if it can make us feel so terrible?
Alan Alda at en event in New York City, May 23, 2017.
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Alan Alda announced July 31, 2018 that he's been living with Parkinson's Disease. An expert on the disease explains new drugs and treatments.
The experimental technique of ‘deep brain stimulation’ has improved the lives of patients with treatment-resistant depression, despite the ‘failure’ of a large clinical trial.
For some patients, drilling a hole in the skull and inserting an electrode into the 'sadness centre' of the brain offers relief from debilitating and otherwise treatment-resistant depression.
Exhaustion and burnout among physicians are growing problems.
The opening session of a meeting of neurologists focused on a problem plaguing doctors: burnout. Doctors are growing increasingly stressed, and it's affecting patients, too.
Autism has become a default consideration for any child who struggles socially, behaviourally, or with sensory stimuli.
There are several problems with the recently released guidelines for diagnosing autism. But the fundamental issue is that we're striving for diagnosis first, and help later.
Patients need to be at the centre of consultations about their treatment.
Men diagnosed with prostate cancer should be given all their options for treatment before they make a decision. In Australia today, this isn't the rule, but the exception.
Campers at Twitch and Shout, a camp for teenagers with Tourette, in Winder, Georgia, say goodbye in this 2014 file photo.
There's more to Tourette syndrome than swearing and shouting. Over the last several years, many life-altering treatments of this tic disorder have become available to patients and their families.
Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain characterised by recurrent seizures.
Epilepsy affects around 70 million people globally, 80% live in developing countries. A shortage of specialists, equipment and drugs complicates effective treatment and management.
The causes of motor neurone disease and schizophrenia have something important in common.
The brain’s structural network. The hubs of this network continue to develop during adolescence.
The human brain develops rapidly between the ages of 14 and 24.
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The Conversation asked eight authors from across its sections to tell us about their favourite podcasts – and why you should tune in.
Little does this woman know what happens to her brain when she licks the ice cream.
It's a long, hot summer's day and you're looking forward to an ice cream. But within seconds of your first bite, you feel a headache coming on: a brain freeze. What's going on?
A paper was published and much discussed online recently, which demonstrates all the problems that I - and other critics - have with the way research is done and interpreted in the world of chiropractic…
Angelica Kauffmann, Self-portrait Hesitating between the Arts of Music and Painting, 1791.
Finding the art in science and investigating the science of art used to be common practise. At the turn of the 19th century the boundaries between academic disciplines hardened, but now new fields like neuroaesthetics are breaking down barriers.