HIV becomes dormant in the body and can hide in brain cells.
Joseph Lebowitz, Dr. Min Lin, and Dr. Habibeh Khoshboue
While drugs have been developed to treat HIV and AIDS, the virus can still lie dormant in the brain, increasing the risk for brain disease such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases.
Using this many devices at once doesn’t mean a person is addicted to technology.
Though the World Health Organization has declared "gaming disorder" an addiction, its – and others' – concerns about technology use and alleged addiction don't hold up to scholarly scrutiny.
It’s not just our taste buds thanking us when we give ourselves a sweet treat.
Our society and culture play a big part in what our brain sees as rewarding.
Naloxone is often used to revive people overdosing from opioids.
Scientists are just starting to understand how your parents' genes and experiences might shape your own susceptibility to dangerous drugs. Could that help to stop addictions before they start?
In Australia, cocaine is most commonly snorted.
Cocaine is the second most commonly used illicit substance in Australia, after marijuana.
As North America’s opioid crisis worsens, schools across Canada are purchasing naloxone anti-overdose kits. Research suggests that risks of opioid addiction could also be addressed through attention to children’s nutrition.
High fructose corn syrup in food and drinks has long been linked to rising rates of child and teen obesity. New evidence suggests it increases the risks of opioid addiction and overdose too.
Drug addiction isn't about bad habits, fear of withdrawal or a selfish search for pleasure. It's about the brain.
What attaches us so deeply to our phones?
Why we love our phones so much might be related to our basic yearnings as human beings, explains a scholar, who is also a pastor.
Parkinson’s disease responds well to a range of treatments, but more specialists are needed to know how to best tailor treatment for patients.
Research has yielded new insights into Parkinson's disease, and treatments are expanding. But a shortage of doctors trained in the disease leaves a gap in care.
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after dementia.
2017 marks the 200th anniversary since the 1817 publication of Dr James Parkinson’s seminal work on what he called the "Shaking Palsy".
The festive season is an intense time of year. Neuroscience can shed some light on what it does to our brains.
Spine-tingling or simply scary?
Are you impulsive and easily bored? You may be a thrill seeker.
Smoking therapy – not recommended.
Smoking causes 96,000 premature deaths a year in the UK. The fact that it protects against Parkinson's disease is not a reason to take up the habit.
Volunteering boosts your health.
Scientists have found that there are many physical and mental benefits to volunteering.
Using medicines to stay awake?
College students who take stimulants such as Adderall to get an academic edge might be setting themselves up unknowingly to a vicious cycle of substance abuse and addiction.
Damn you, dopamine.
Dopamine: a powerful substance that is much more than just a pleasure chemical.
When kids ask questions it can flick the switch on their curiosity and creativity.
Children's insatiable curiosity and search for new knowledge is getting lost somewhere along the way. We've mislaid the art of the question.
Food can prompt behaviours and brain responses similar to those seen in more traditional forms of addiction.
Are you a "carb craver" or "chocaholic"? We often use language associated with addiction to describe our relationships with food. But is it really possible to be addicted to certain types of food?
Video games have some clever ways of motivating players, and these methods can be used to get kids interested in learning.
There may be a chemical secret to getting kids interested in learning – and it's one that's created and produced by our own bodies rather than in a lab.
Excess dopamine activity is not the only neurological change seen in patients with schizophrenia.
Image from shutterstock.com
The landscape of pharmaceutical development for mental disorders has changed over recent years, with pharma companies abandoning traditional neuroscience drug discovery programs and turning instead to…