How is pain measured? A person’s pain is what they say it is.
Research shows that exercise offers promise -- as an alternative to prescription opioids -- for relieving chronic pain.
A scholar explains why there is no one answer. Some pain is devastating, and sometimes such pain responds well to opioids. On the other hand, there is evidence that some physicians overprescribe.
Surgeons are big prescribers of opioids. But while guidelines are in place for dentists and for doctors who prescribe opioid-based painkillers for long-term pain, there are none for surgeons.
Virtual reality has been used to treat phobias for many years, but medical researchers have began to discover that it can do so much more than that.