The mall's inventor, Victor Gruen, envisioned thriving hubs of civic activity, rather than bland, asphalt-enclosed shopping centers. Is his original vision now being realized – or further corrupted?
Redesigning spaces of conflict starts with creating life on the edges. Geelong offers contrasting examples of city centre spaces: one with problems inherent in its design and a nearby one that works.
Unlike vision or touch, sound is much more difficult to control or avoid; music in particular spills across thresholds and intrudes into situations where it is unwelcome.
A mix of economic unease and fears of the growth of online shopping is pushing retailers to offer ever-steeper discounts, but there's a better strategy to make it through the holidays in the black.
Governments need to build trust, especially during a time of heightened tensions around the threat of international terror attacks.