The facilities were poor and some inmates were subjected to unsuccessful experimentation with a “vaccine” that used arsenic compounds.
Hospital Ward Dorre Island/State library of Western Australia
The lock hospitals inflicted incalculable traumas on Aboriginal people, wrenching them away from families and country.
Professor Eske Willerslev talks to Aboriginal elders in the Kalgoorlie area in southwestern Australia.
Preben Hjort, Mayday Film
New DNA research working with Indigenous Australians is answering many of the questions about when and where the First Australians emerged many thousands of years ago.
Some of Australia’s Indigenous people even used body parts to help them count.
Shutterstock/Pics by Nick
Australia's Indigenous people had many methods for counting, and they didn't use just numbers.
The evidence shows counting was beyond more than a handful of numbers for Australia’s Indigenous people.
There is plenty of evidence to show Australia's Indigenous people had ways of counting big numbers, yet the myth persists they couldn't count more than a handful of things. Why?
The original excavation of Mungo Man, found near Lake Mungo in southwestern New South Wales, Australia.
Research first published in 2001 has been used to question of whether Aboriginal People were the First Australians. So why not re-test those results with improved techniques and equipment?
David Gulpilil as Jagamarra Jurunba, Mark Weaver as Bellyup, Dougie McCale as George and Cameron Wallaby as Pete in Satellite Boy.
A Satellite Films production Photo by Matt Nettheim SAB
The French capital will light up to the sights and sounds of Cleverman, Samson and Delilah, and The Sapphires.
Barkindji protest outside Parliament in Canberra.
For the Barkindji people, the Darling River has been a symbol of Aboriginal survival since colonial times. Now, the once busy NSW town of Wilcannia is in danger of losing its water.
Whose story are you telling? Neil Armfield’s The Secret River is a chronicle of colonialism.
The Sydney Theatre Company/Heidrun Löhr
The stage version of The Secret River gives us a deeper sense of our history. But can understanding the past from different perspectives help us confront the inequalities that linger in our present?
Detail of Paddy Japaljarri Sims, Warlpiri, 2003, Yanjirlpiri Jukurrpa (Star Dreaming at Yarripirlangu).
Image courtesy of the artist's estate, licensed by Warlukurlangu Artists, Yuendumu.
Who owns a Dreamtime story? The Warlpiri, like all Indigenous groups, use a complex system of kinship that regulates which people can depict, sing, dance or talk about which Dreamings.
Australia’s beauty is haunted by the unmarked sites of massacres and battles.
Ben Quilty, Fairy Bower Rorschach, 2012. Image courtesy of AGNSW, © Ben Quilty.
Australia has a lesson to learn from Germany when it comes to reconciling with a shameful past. Artists are taking the lead in 'When silence falls', a formidable exhibition.
The figure of the ‘noble savage’ has deep roots in Australia colonialism.
Shipwreck of the Stirling Castle, John Curtis, 1838.
Liberal MP Dennis Jensen's comments about the 'noble savage' lifestyle tap into a centuries-old stereotype about Indigenous people.
An indigenous ranger burns vegetation in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory.
AAP Image/Peter Eve
European invasion completely disrupted the way aboriginal Australians managed fire. Learning from Australia's first people could help us fight fires in the future.
Adam Goodes continues to demonstrate through dignity and presence of mind, that he is an empowered Aboriginal man.
AAP Image/Paul Miller
Adam Goodes' actions – from his celebratory dance to his decision to temporarily withdraw from the AFL – epitomise the concept of male Indigenous dignity.
Children develop based on their interactions with people, books and cultural artefacts. History textbooks could have a great deal to teach them about empathy.
Are history textbooks constructing the past in a way that allows learners to develop empathy by walking in many different people's shoes?
Senator David Leyonhjelm has said he is not taking sides in the debate, saying only that anthropologists disagree.
AAP Image/Lukas Coch
Liberal Democrat Senator David Leyonhjelm has said that Aboriginal people may not be the first occupants of Australia. What does the research say?
Bradshaw rock paintings near King Edward River, Kimberley region of Western Australia.
Last week Liberal Democrats Senator David Leyonhjelm was widely reported as suggesting that people other than Aboriginal Australians may have occupied the Australian continent in the past. At a doorstop…
While plans to close ‘unsustainable remote communities’ have triggered recent protests, at the heart of the issue is the nature of the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Decisions being made from on high about the fate of remote Indigenous communities are symptomatic of a continuing imbalance in the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Legend tells that huge hollow boabs were used as prisons in north west Australia.
Genetics and linguistics show Aboriginal people spread iconic boab trees around north west Australia.
Among the early footsteps in Australia – The Mungo fossil footprints dating to 20,000 years ago.
An Australian senator says the evidence on who should be recognised as the First Australians is only "conjecture". So what does the evidence really say?
Aboriginal stories dating back many thousands of years talk of a fire from the sky in an area now home to the Henbury meteorite craters, in the Northern Territory.
We can learn much about meteor strikes in ancient Australia by examining the oral traditions of indigenous people.