Kofi Annan's tenure began after the reintroduction of two important international security lexicons -- peacebuilding and human security.
He left an enduring legacy of embedding democracy and involving civil society in the pursuit of peace.
Kofi Annan was the first UN employee to rise to the position of Secretary General but his tenure also had a darker side.
Some prosecutions followed soon after President Cyril Ramaphosa promised accountability for the Marikana massacre.
The Law and Order Index says South Africans feel less secure than people in Yemen, the DRC and Libya, countries all affected by violent conflict.
Zanu-PF's more than two-thirds majority win in the parliament poll gives it the power to change the constitution if it wishes.
If the MDC-Alliance claims Zanu-PF and Zimbabwe's electoral commission rigged the elections, the onus is on them to prove it.
Conflict patterns in Africa have changed rapidly in recent years posing a challenge to peace and security.
The credibility of Zimbabwe's elections will depend on issues like political violence and media freedom.
African leaders need to acknowledge the gravity of the Congo crisis and apply pressure on Kabila.
The UN promotes local ownership in peace building, which is difficult to achieve.
The grenade attack shows that opponents are threatened by Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's progress.
Some human rights activists worry that Cameroon could be the site of Africa's next civil war.
Nigeria is far from ready to hold a credible ballot in 2019.
Ethiopia has taken time and listened to the new prime minister. Now he needs to convert his vision into concrete policies
Kenya may never close Dadaab, but it has good reasons for wishing to do so
Mexico's presidential front-runner wants to end violence in Mexico by pardoning drug traffickers and corrupt officials. Some 235,000 people have died in the country's 11-year cartel war.
Governing parties and officials need to take note of the frustration being expressed by ordinary South Africans.
The death of Mozambican opposition leader Alfonso Dhlakama could affect the progress made to end hostilities in the country.
A big rise in armed attacks in the Sahel - and the intensity of the attacks in recent years - is now seen as a major source of concern.