Southern Africa's liberation movements have been losing popularity and confronting a crisis of legitimacy.
Angola's recent election results showed the ruling MPLA losing support across the country. If opposition claims are to be taken seriously, the losses could be more severe than they appear.
Angola's president-elect, João Lourenço, has a reputation for relative probity. But, he's unlikely to rock the boat as Eduardo dos Santos remains party chairman.
For a military battle whose outcome is still hotly contested 30 years later, the impact was so remarkably clear -- independence for Namibia, peace for Angola and the death knell for apartheid.
Portugal used radio propaganda in its colonies in the 1960s against local liberation movements. Decades later there are still lessons to be learned for occupying armies from their failed strategies.