Articles sur International Aids Conference 2016

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Treatment has transformed the outlook for people living with HIV from almost certain death to a manageable chronic condition. Athit Perawongmetha/Reuters

The scientific journey of AIDS from despair to cautious hope

Despite the breakthroughs in HIV and AIDS research, without an effective vaccine, the world will not get to zero new infections and deaths.
The WHO has recommended pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, as an additional HIV prevention choice for people with a high risk of being infected. Truvada has been licensed in South Africa. Epa/Maurizio Gambarini

How a drug can help prevent 5000 girls being infected with HIV every week

Young women in southern Africa are most at risk of becoming infected with HIV. If they take a pre-exposure prophylaxis like Truvada it could change their lives.
The successful prevention of mother to child transmission programmes means nearly all HIV-infected pregnant women should get anti-retroviral treatment to protect their babies. Joshua Wanyama/Africa Knows

What’s needed in the final push to eliminate new cases of HIV in children

South Africa's programmes preventing HIV transmission from mothers to children have been hugely successful. But there are still gaps that need to be filled.
Women would prefer a product that addresses multiple sexual and reproductive health risks at the same time. shutterstock

The all-in-one solution to sexual health is on its way

Scientists are developing various products that can provide contraception and protection from sexually transmitted infections and HIV at the same time.
Stigma and intimate partner violence prevent HIV-positive mothers from accessing care and treatment. Reuters/Darrin Zammit Lupi

HIV can be prevented in babies if their mothers are kept safe

For pregnant HIV-positive women taking anti-retrovirals is critical for their babies' health. Intimate partner violence affects adherence, and must be addressed as part of women's HIV treatment.
South Africa’s successes in HIV treatment have been marred by challenges in improving HIV prevention methods. Reuters/Nacho Doce

South Africa has excelled in treating HIV – prevention remains a disaster

With nearly one-fifth of the globe's HIV positive population, South Africa has the largest anti-retroviral program in the world. But HIV prevention still presents a big challenge for the country.
A women gets an HIV test. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for the majority of the HIV deaths annually. World Bank Collection/flickr

Two trials signal pivotal point in fight against the AIDS epidemic

Two major clinical trials will be conducted in South Africa in 2016 to test ways of preventing new HIV infections.
In Malawi men who have sex with men can access healthcare services but they do not always get adequate treatment, care and support. shutterstock

Why men who have sex with men have problems with health care in Africa

Malawi and Tanzania have created programs to provide sexual and reproductive health services and HIV interventions. But men who have sex with men say it's still difficult to access care.
Poverty is rife in Malawi, with more than 90% living on less than US$2 a day. One of the reasons young urban Malawians give for engaging in transactional sex is to get food. Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

What’s driving young people to have transactional sex in Malawi’s slums

Material deprivation and young people desiring the latest fashion trends are motivating the transactional sex relationships in Malawi's urban slums.
The World Health Organisation has declared Cuba the first country in the world to eliminate the transmission of HIV and syphilis from mother to child. Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters

Lessons from Cuba on eliminating the transmission of HIV from mother to child

There are many lessons Southern Africa can learn from Cuba, which became the first country in the world to eradicate mother to child transmissions of HIV and syphilis.

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