Despite the inevitable transition costs for both sides, there may also be some benefits to a split.
After threatening to declare independence, Carles Puigdemont has stepped back from the brink. But that has caused confusion.
Spanish National Police block people trying to reach a polling station in Barcelona, Spain, on Oct. 1. Catalan leaders accused Spanish police of brutality and repression.
AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
The European Union is quick to condemn countries like Venezuela and Turkey when they engage in anti-democratic tactics. So why is it so silent on Spain's treatment of the Catalan?
The potential for more violence is clear unless the two sides can be brought to the negotiating table as soon as possible.
Decentralisation, advanced training, civilian control, feminisation, unionisation and cultural change: the Spanish police are not a remnant of the Franco years
For some, Spain’s crackdown on the Catalonian independence vote has raised the specter of the country’s authoritarian past.
Why did the Spanish state forcefully quash Catalonia’s referendum for independence? It is rooted in the country’s nearly 40-year dictatorship and its transition to democracy.
A banner held up during a general strike in Catalonia on October 3.
Here are the EU's options.
On Sunday, more than 2 million Catalans voted in a referendum on the question: Should Catalonia become an independent state? The vote was a milestone in the century-long struggle for self-determination…
The referendum that wasn't a referendum can't have a winner.
The Madrid government is doing everything it can to stop the planned October 1 referendum from happening.
Migrants attempting to jump the fence between Morocco and Ceuta, watched by Moroccan police in December 2016.
Tensions are mounting along the EU's only land borders with Africa on the Moroccan coast.
A worker removes graffiti reading ‘Gora ETA’ (Long live ETA) in support of the Basque terrorist group in Pamplona.
While politicians remain at loggerheads, the arts bring resolution to the Basque Country's long history of violence.
Migrants rescued from four small boats arrive in Almeria, southern Spain in August 2017.
The number of people arriving has risen, but is not the highest on record.
A memorial on Las Ramblas following the attack.
A toxic combination of history and social tension makes Spain fertile ground for extremist recruitment.
La Rambla runs right through the centre of Barcelona.
The boulevard runs through the heart of the city, drives its tourist economy and acts as a symbol of life in Catalonia.
Spain plays a relatively inconsequential role in the fight against Islamic State.
The location and targeting of Islamic State's latest attack, on the Spanish city of Barcelona, deviates from the group's previous efforts.
A series of attacks on popular holiday destinations has authorities concerned.
Time for a redesign?
Catalonia and Kurdistan are both holding referendums on independence this year. But is it that simple to break free?
Forest fires are a key part of the lifecycle of the woods, but they can also be deadly.
Italy, Portugal and Spain have all gone up in flames in recent weeks, highlighting the need to rethink how Mediterranean countries protect people and save ecosystems.
From hospital waiting lists to suicide rates, here's how cuts affected health in Ireland and Greece.