Treated bed nets are effective in preventing malaria where mosquitoes bite indoors and late at night.
Katrina Manson /Reuters
Kenya has managed to reduce the number of malaria cases in parts of the country. But this, in turn, has led to immunity levels dropping.
Changes in climatic conditions have led to an increase in malaria in East Africa.
Malaria is a major public health problem that affects 106 countries globally. A rigorous and systematic approach to predict and control malaria transmission is needed.
Hepatitis is a public health concern globally.
Hepatitis viruses are serious infections that damage the liver. There is an urgent need to deal with increased Hepatitis B infections in Kenya.
Drug resistance to cholera causing bacteria affects treatment especially in developing countries.
Cholera is caused by a lack of access to clean drinking water and unhygienic conditions. Misuse of antibiotics makes it difficult and expensive to treat outbreaks.
A malaria vaccine will be piloted in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi to assess its suitability.
Stronger malaria prevention like a vaccine is urgently needed for effective response in endemic regions.
New World Health Organisation Director-General De Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
How will the World Health Organisation's Director-General Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus deal with the mounting challenges? Africa's academics have some tips.
Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain characterised by recurrent seizures.
Epilepsy affects around 70 million people globally, 80% live in developing countries. A shortage of specialists, equipment and drugs complicates effective treatment and management.
Kenya needs to improve efforts to reach, treat and cure all TB patients.
About three million people globally are 'missed' each year for Tuberculosis diagnosis. Many of them will die, some will get better, others will continue to infect others.
Hand sanitisers are popular as an alternative to washing hands using soap and water to kill germs.
The poor quality of hand sanitisers in Kenya poses a health concern. If this market remains unregulated these products might encourage the undetected transmission of infectious pathogens in hospitals.
Dengue fever is influenced by rainfall, temperature and unplanned rapid urbanisation.
Early detection of dengue fever and access to proper medical care where the symptoms are treated is critical and lifesaving.
Millions of mosquito bed nets have been distributed in Africa.
Mosquitoes are controlled by insecticide treated nets to curb the spread of Malaria. The nets which are hung over beds can be reused after serving its purpose.
Artemisinin-based combination therapy is the first line recommended malaria treatment.
The gains made towards eliminating malaria in endemic countries is being threatened by insecticide and antimalarial drug resistance.
Medicinal plants are a potential source of medicine to treat malaria.
There's a need for new anti-malarial agents due to some malaria drugs becoming ineffective in the fight against the disease.
Cholera is usually transmitted through contaminated water or food.
A lack of decent sanitation and clean drinking water are fertile ground for a cholera outbreak.
James Akena / Reuters
A global trend to regulate frequent antibiotic use in livestock and poultry production is emerging but Africa is still lagging behind.
A tea picker walks through a tea plantation damaged by frost near Kericho, the Kenyan highland town hit hard by changing weather patterns.
As East Africa becomes warmer, the threat of climate sensitive diseases such as malaria, Rift Valley Fever and cholera is increasing.
L'intervention du mécène américain Bill Gates lors de la 21ᵉ conférence internationale sur le sida, organisée à Durban (Afrique du Sud) en juillet 2016.
Cinq sommités de différentes universités en Afrique questionnent le milliardaire américain sur la lutte contre le sida sur ce continent. On apprend autant de leurs questions que de ses réponses.
Philanthropist Bill Gates addresses delegates at the 2016 Aids Conference in Durban.
Bill Gates, who has been identified as the world's most significant donor in the fight against AIDS, shares his thoughts on the pandemic with Africa's most prominent HIV/AIDS academics.
A mother and her son at a nutrition clinic in Kenya. Adequate nutrition for mothers is important for the health of their children.
In Kenya, not much attention has been paid to addressing pregnant women's nutritional needs. This has exposed a gap in efforts to improve maternal and child health.