A laboratory technician patient samples at the Amudat Hospital, Uganda. Laboratories are central to the delivery of high quality data in clinical trials.
Many of these diseases cause tremendous suffering and death -- yet there's still a lack of effective tools to diagnose, treat, and prevent them.
A response led by scientists and researchers must be central to any current and future threats.
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African countries have proven that they have the skills and expertise to provide local solutions to this global pandemic. They need to build on this success together to keep the pandemic at bay.
Kenya’s government have issued a directive that people must wear masks while in public places.
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In Kenya, the Spanish flu caused various forms of social and economic disruption, ranging from social distancing to the suspension of nonessential services and widespread food shortages.
Women are often primary caregivers in their communities.
Women must be included at decision making levels to advise on development, designing, delivery and implementation of tools that target health issues that affect them especially malaria.
In some communities, over a quarter of the children were misclassified as iron replete whereas they were iron deficient.
Women walk past a mural painted to raise awareness on HIV and AIDS in Kibera slum in Nairobi, Kenya.
The government needs to revise national guidelines to better target PrEP at those that would most benefit from it.
In 50 years, Kenya has experienced an overall decline in under 5 mortality.
Only half of Kenya's 47 counties achieved the 2000 goal on reducing child mortality
Un pequeño hospital en el distrito de Wakiso, en la región central de Uganda.
Depositphotos / Delmash Lehman
Sólo 16 de los 48 países e islas africanas tienen acceso a servicios hospitalarios dentro del umbral de las dos horas establecido por la OMS.
A small hospital in Wakiso district in the central region of Uganda.
Only 16 out of 48 African countries and islands have access to hospital services within the WHO's two-hour time threshold.
Treated bed nets are effective in preventing malaria where mosquitoes bite indoors and late at night.
Katrina Manson /Reuters
Kenya has managed to reduce the number of malaria cases in parts of the country. But this, in turn, has led to immunity levels dropping.
Changes in climatic conditions have led to an increase in malaria in East Africa.
Malaria is a major public health problem that affects 106 countries globally. A rigorous and systematic approach to predict and control malaria transmission is needed.
Hepatitis is a public health concern globally.
Hepatitis viruses are serious infections that damage the liver. There is an urgent need to deal with increased Hepatitis B infections in Kenya.
Drug resistance to cholera causing bacteria affects treatment especially in developing countries.
Cholera is caused by a lack of access to clean drinking water and unhygienic conditions. Misuse of antibiotics makes it difficult and expensive to treat outbreaks.
A malaria vaccine will be piloted in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi to assess its suitability.
Stronger malaria prevention like a vaccine is urgently needed for effective response in endemic regions.
New World Health Organisation Director-General De Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
How will the World Health Organisation's Director-General Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus deal with the mounting challenges? Africa's academics have some tips.
Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain characterised by recurrent seizures.
Epilepsy affects around 70 million people globally, 80% live in developing countries. A shortage of specialists, equipment and drugs complicates effective treatment and management.
Kenya needs to improve efforts to reach, treat and cure all TB patients.
About three million people globally are 'missed' each year for Tuberculosis diagnosis. Many of them will die, some will get better, others will continue to infect others.
Hand sanitisers are popular as an alternative to washing hands using soap and water to kill germs.
The poor quality of hand sanitisers in Kenya poses a health concern. If this market remains unregulated these products might encourage the undetected transmission of infectious pathogens in hospitals.
Dengue fever is influenced by rainfall, temperature and unplanned rapid urbanisation.
Early detection of dengue fever and access to proper medical care where the symptoms are treated is critical and lifesaving.
Millions of mosquito bed nets have been distributed in Africa.
Mosquitoes are controlled by insecticide treated nets to curb the spread of Malaria. The nets which are hung over beds can be reused after serving its purpose.