The violence in north-east Nigeria has displaced thousands of people.
The insecurity in the area has serious implications for development and the well-being of people, especially young people.
Most of Niger is infertile. Two-thirds of the country is located in the Sahara desert.
Better food supply, a reduction in population growth rate, and greater integration into global markets are three key steps Niger must take.
Chute de neige dans le désert du Sahara.
Pour que la neige se forme, deux conditions météorologiques distinctes sont nécessaires : des températures froides et un air humide. Le Sahara les remplit.
Parents of students abducted from Bethel Baptist High School, Kaduna State, north-west Nigeria, pray inside the school premises.
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To stem the tide of violent extremism across the Sahel region, especially northwest Nigeria, the vulnerabilities and grudges of border communities need to be properly addressed.
Les moyens de subsistance sur lesquels les communautés comptent depuis des siècles sont en train d'être criminalisés à travers des restrictions sévères imposées par l'État.
Early marriage has a number of negative effects on the lives of girls and their own children.
Though child marriage rates are declining globally, the practice remains worryingly common in some African countries.
Niger soldiers conduct a simulated mounted patrol.
Eric Holman/Wikimedia Commons
West African governments need to be clearer about the similarities and differences of violent extremist groups.
ECOWAS struggles with ensuring mobility within its region.
Photo by Nipah Dennis/AFP via Getty Images
Rules to regulate the free movement of people in the ECOWAS countries must be adapted to local realities.
MICHELE CATTANI/AFP via Getty Images
Opening these libraries up promises to re-balance the continent’s place in world history when it comes to its intellectual life.
French Marine Special Operation Forces trained Mali’s soldiers under the Task Force Takuba mission.
Photo by Thomas Coex/AFP via Getty Images
Though its full impact is unpredictable, the withdrawal of France from Mali will have some likely effects.
Des milliers de personnes ont fui les affrontements interethniques dans le Nord du Cameroun.
Crédit photo DJIMET WICHE/AFP via Getty Images
Les échecs des gouvernements élus de manière symbolique ont privé les dirigeants – ainsi que le système démocratique – d'une base populaire avant-gardiste.
Thousands of people have fled inter-ethnic clashes in northern Cameroon.
Photo by DJIMET WICHE/AFP via Getty Images
The failures of nominally elected governments has denied leaders - as well as the democratic system - a vanguard popular constituency.
Un groupe de soldats nigériens en patrouille.
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Pour résoudre les conflits djihadistes au Sahel, il faut aussi traiter les djihadistes comme des acteurs politiques qui cherchent à proposer une gouvernance alternative.
A truck with migrants crossing the Sahara from Niger in 2009.
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Livelihoods which communities have relied on for centuries are being criminalised by heavy-handed state restrictions.
The use of child soldiers often prolong wars.
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In many conflict areas, children are especially susceptible to the effects of war. And using them as soldiers prolongs the conflict.
Mauritanian soldiers stand guard near the border with Mali in the fight against jihadists in Africa’s Sahel region.
Photo by Thomas Samson/AFP via Getty Images
Jihadi groups take advantage of endemic poverty, inequality, high unemployment levels, illiteracy, ethnic divisions, and poor governance to spread their campaign of violence in the Sahel region.
Mauritanian soldiers stand guard at a G5 Sahel task force command post, in November 2018 in the southeast of Mauritania near the border with Mali.
Photo by Thomas Samson/AFP via Getty Images
The political will displayed by the Sahel member countries of the G5 Task Force appears to be out of step with the actual capabilities of their armies.
A group of Niger soldiers on patrol
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Resolving jihadist conflicts in the Sahel requires treating jihadists not as terrorists only but also as political actors who seek to provide an alternative form of governance to the status quo.
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Africa’s Great Green Wall must immediately speed up to meet the needs of people along the edges of the Sahara Desert.
The porous borders of West Africa allow for the unregulated movement of thousands.