A weakened central power makes it easier for violent groups - like highway bandits, local militias and armed bands of jihadists - to emerge and thrive.
Research shows that unrest, even terrorism, can erupt in poor countries with a surplus of young people and not enough jobs. Can Niger, a once-peaceful sub-Saharan African nation, handle its baby boom?
The proscription of terrorist groups are part of the process through which a country demonstrates its self-identity.
A combination of reasons have led to the drying of the Sahel.
Incumbent Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta will be Mali's next president but an unremarkable first term, and a flawed election, could put a dent in his legacy.
The build-up of foreign armed forces does not bode well for the citizens of Niger.
Scientists have modelled the effects of huge hypothetical energy projects in the desert.
A Land Degradation Surveillance framework could solve this problem by systematically measuring and tracking indicators of land health in Africa.
A new research project is helping Nigerien women access valuable, accurate information from which they are too often cut off.
Nigeria is far from ready to hold a credible ballot in 2019.
As in the Mediterranean, travel through the Sahara is difficult and unnecessarily dangerous by increased checks and control.
Displacing the EU’s border as far as possible from Europe: is this really a solution to mitigate the flow of migrants?
A big rise in armed attacks in the Sahel - and the intensity of the attacks in recent years - is now seen as a major source of concern.
Talk of ethnic and religious conflict between Muslim Fulani herders and local Christian farmers misses the full picture – this is about resources.
The transnational project conceived 30 years ago to replenish the drying waters of Lake Chad finally seems poised to take off. But first, internal politics within member states must be overcome.
Dry areas make up more than 41% of land around the globe and are home to more than two billion people. Despite climate change and other challenges, there are ways to combat land degradation.
Many mammals depend on large areas and trans-boundary conservation for their survival. When this is obstructed it can have a catastrophic impact on animal populations.
Migrants crossing Libya to reach Europe increasingly face violence and human traffickers.
Poverty and conflict mean the nation is struggling to deal with rising temperatures.
Gold is both a blessing and a curse for rural Niger.