Modern sabre-tooth mammals have their canines constantly on display. This allows them to seduce mates. But was sexual selection also an important phenomenon among our pre-mammalian ancestors?
Cancer is not the modern disease many believe it to be. New fossil evidence from two South African caves suggests that its origins lie deep in prehistory.
Scientists say they've found fossils showing life existed on Earth 3.7 billion years ago. How good is the evidence? And what does it mean for the search for life elsewhere in our solar system?
An exciting discovery suggests small pterosaurs weren't forced out by the rise of birds.
The Nullarbor is an arid, treeless expanse today. But several hundred thousand years ago it was home to a menagerie of species, including two newly discovered giant cuckoo-like birds.
New evidence suggests that Homo naledi didn't deliberately deposit their dead in a hidden chamber.
To understand how some creatures evolved, you need to see how their brain developed over millions of years. That's now possible thanks to some clever use of scanning technology.
Recent research is helping us to solve the mysteries of these bizarre prehistoric creatures.
For the first time, feathers, bone and skin of the earliest birds have been found, trapped in amber.
A tiny pit on mammal-like animals’ snouts has revealed a great deal about how mammalian hair originated.
When it comes to valuable African fossils, much is at stake. They often unearth disputed ways of debating archaeology as a science of ‘discovery’.
Despite its insidious influence on the climate and our health, coal has a lesser-known positive side to its otherwise dark soul. It has provided us with some stunning fossils.
How did survivors of the Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction adapt to their new, harsh environment? And why is that knowledge so important for modern species?
For centuries, the fossil remains of back-boned animals were studied primarily from their hardened bones. Now palaeontologists can study the softer side of these ancient creatures.
Fossils discovered in Uzbekistan help tell the story of how T. Rex evolved to become the biggest predator ever to live on land.
Scientists have uncovered one of the most detailed and well-preserved nervous system fossils ever found.
New research reveals the case for swimming dinosaurs isn't as clear cut as once thought.
Just count your lucky stars that they're not patrolling your garden now – although their descendants might be...
The big question being asked is: where does Homo naledi fit in the evolutionary tree? Assessing the similarity or dissimilarity between fossil skulls has provided a possible clue to the answer.
They might have ruled the world for millions of years but even dinosaurs can play host to parasites.