In rural areas where there are often fewer healthcare professionals available, traditional healers can have a role to play in promoting HIV treatment.
There are several challenges that South Africa needs to address to bring HIV under control.
South Africa has made tremendous progress towards meeting the 90-90-90 targets but there are some challenges preventing it from reaching the goals set by UNAIDS.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, HIV is still highly stigmatised.
HIV remains a synonym for death in Kinshasa and many leave testing and treatment until it's too late. It's not common knowledge that an infected person can live a normal and healthy life.
A young woman performs at an HIV prevention campaign during the International Aids Conference 2016.
International AIDS Society/Abhi Indrarajan
Stemming high HIV rates among adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa has become a challenge due to the cycle of transmission.
A client receives HIV/AIDS counseling at a women and children’s hospital in Nigeria. These facilities are not always available in rural areas.
Flickr/ Karen Kasmauski/MCSP
Effectively decentralising HIV and AIDS treatment services helps to improve universal health care. But in Nigeria this approach comes with many challenges.
South African HIV rights group, the Treatment Action Campaign, marching through Durban, calling for antiretroviral access for all.
International AIDS Society/Rogan Ward
Current epidemiological and financial trends suggest there's a major risk of a substantial shortfall in the funds required to sustain life-saving antiretroviral programmes.
The 90-90-90 strategy is an attempt to get the HIV epidemic under control by adopting a ‘test and treat’ approach. This is part of the plan to eliminate AIDS by 2030.