Thoreau spent his life pursuing the 'hard bottom' of truth. But he confronted a sensationalist newspaper industry that, in many ways, mimicked today's media environment.
Pamphlets, songs and posters were the 17th-century equivalent of social media and just as effective at spreading falsehoods.
News consumers don't often believe fake news. But it's nonetheless critical that they learn to gauge the legitimacy of news sources and become aware of their own biases.
With the rise of fake news and its threat to the public good, the time has come to regulate journalists as we do doctors, dentists and lawyers.
Licensing journalists would be difficult to do, and the rules would be tough to enforce -- and wouldn't prevent anyone with a smart phone from disseminating false information online.
Documentaries are vital vehicles for explaining the world.
Reports of facts' death have been greatly exaggerated. Effective communication jettisons the false dilemma in favor of a more holistic view of how people take in new information on contentious topics.
We must have open conversations with kids so they're able to identify reliable news online.
Students in high school now will be eligible to vote during the 2020 election cycle. How can we prepare them to become informed citizens in an era of misinformation, where anyone can publish anything?
There are four key things Donald Trump’s election tells us about the state of journalism today.
Public interest journalism exposes corruption and wrongdoers, and holds the powerful to account. But it is increasingly under threat, and we need to find ways to protect it.
People are hardwired to dismiss opposing views as 'fake'.
Pundits have been keen to link post-truth to post-modernists, post-positivists or any other 'postie'. They should turn their energy to forming a real popular front against Trump's faux populism.
Readers read, viewers watch and players do. That level of engagement gives games real power to influence people both within and outside the play itself.
It's election time and all the political parties are locked in a social media battle. But does it help inform political debate or just cause even more confusion?
The president has fled the country. An activist has died in jail. A military coup is afoot. Fake news is dividing Venezuelans, making a peaceful end to its profound crisis ever less likely.
Social media is a huge channel for false information. News organisations need to wean themselves off it.
The internet is changing how urban legends are spread – and helping to create new ones.
Beneath simple labels like post-truth, alternative facts and fake news is a complex set of issues. Any debate about the problems needs to start from some common points of reference.
Does science have an answer to science denial? Just as being vaccinated protects you from a later full-blown infection, a bit of misinformation explained could help ward off other cases down the road.