South Africa needs to build a mental infrastructure that will allow people to individually and collectively engage in a bold, courageous and trutfhul dialogue.
Women students have been at the forefront of South African university protests.
Women students have not been afraid to embrace the label of feminist, leading a wave of university protests in South Africa during 2015 and 2016.
Soweto schoolchildren protest against Afrikaans in 1976.
Anti-Apartheid Movement Archive, Bodleian Library, Oxford UK
Forty years after the students uprisings of 1976, South Africa is again in the midst of a political movement led by students.They have changed the tenor and shape of political discussion around education.
Students cheer as a statue of Cecil John Rhodes is removed from the University of Cape Town in April 2015.
There is a risk that because of fatigue, frustration and silencing the important moment created by South Africa's student movements will pass by with no proper, long-term structural change.
Transforming the curriculum isn’t as simple as replacing some books with others.
Curriculum transformation has to happen. But it has to go further than simply borrowing ideas and concepts.
If South Africans are to make the radical changes they must to become truly great, the new generation will have to find a way of understanding the country's past in its profound complexity.
The US and Cuban flags with Havana’s National Capitol Building in the background.
Cuba's National Capitol Building has been reclaimed as the seat of the National Assembly 54 years after it was abandoned by the new revolutionary government. There are lessons in this for others.
Protests are continuing at Oxford over a statue of Cecil Rhodes.
John Stillwell/PA Wire
If it's ok to use research carried out in unethical experiments – as long as we acknowledge they were wrong – is it ok to keep a statue of an infamous imperialist?
South Africa is losing patience with the ANC.
South Africa's president is direly unpopular and his government on the ropes – but protests against him are just empty symbolism.
The grave of Cecil John Rhodes in Zimbabwe’s Matopos Hills.
Susan E Adams/flickr.com
Why Oriel College Oxford was right not to agree to take down a statue of the British imperalist.
Cecil John Rhodes: master of all he surveys - but not of a secret society.
The book contains major flaws, the chief of which is the lack of solid, supporting evidence. Brown claims that ‘Rhodes documented everything’ – which was not actually the case in this regard.
The world according to the British empire.
Imperial Federation, Map of the World 1886; Wikimedia
We teach children about the birth and end of Empire, but miss out the violence of what happened in between.
A student beats the statue of Cecil John Rhodes with a belt as it is removed from the University of Cape Town.
The Randlords left a big dilemma in their wake: contemporary South Africa is not sure whether to thank them for bringing civilisation, or to curse them for complicating future race relations.
Rhodes was an ardent white supremacist who believed Africans to be inferior. He intended his scholarships to be for white males only. This has since fallen away.