Put simply, it's the outcome of a chemical reaction, which humans learned how to make some 400,000 years ago.
Map of all matter – most of which is invisible dark matter – between Earth and the edge of the observable universe.
Cosmologists are heading back to their chalkboards as the experiments designed to figure out what this unknown 84 percent of our universe actually is come up empty.
The Chalk River Laboratories in 2012. Canada’s role as a world leader in neutron-scattering is at risk because of a failure to invest in infrastructure renewal at the facility.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick
Canada is a world leader in the field of neutron scattering, winning a Nobel Prize in 1994 for its invention. But the looming shutdown of facilities at Chalk River puts us on the sidelines.
General anesthetics affect cellular proteins to knock us out. Some do so better than others, especially the noble gas Xenon.
How do anesthetics work, and what makes for an ideal anesthetic? It's not as mysterious as once believed, and there's a gas that ticks all the boxes for a perfect anesthetic: xenon.
Magnetism is useful in many ways, and the magnetic memory effect appears even at the atomic level.
Popular Science Monthly
Work to develop a single-atom magnet that works at room temperature has just taken a big leap forward.
Mine’s a Star-opramen.
It's like one great big distillery up there.
Some of the earliest known galaxies in the universe, seen by the Hubble Space Telescope.
Atoms blown up in the right way could signal when a gravitational wave is passing through.
Why can’t we see the spaces?
The reason you feel things as solid is all to do with electrons.
Composite image showing the galaxy cluster 1E 0657-56.
Chandra X-Ray Observatory/NASA
Atoms manipulated to be 4000 times larger than usual may be the tool dark-matter hunters have been waiting for.
Diamonds are a data storers’ best friend?
Diamond image via www.shutterstock.com
With current modes up against their limits, we need new data storage solutions. Tiny defects in diamonds' atomic structure might turn them into a new medium for memory.
New elements were discovered in early thermonuclear bomb tests.
New elements found in the reactions of nuclear tests during World War II sparked the hunt for additions to the periodic table.
The expanding periodic table of elements.
Shutterstock/Olivier Le Queinec
They might only last for a fraction of a second but four new elements have finally won their place in the periodic table. The hunt is now on to find even more.
Adrian Cansell loading a 100mm silicon wafer into a 200 kV ion implanter.
University of Surrey Ion Beam Centre
Rutherford backscattering spectrometry has been a success in fields ranging from astronomy to art. Now it has even been proven accurate to the satisfaction of the metrologists
Neutrinos, we’re looking for you! Japan’s Super-Kamiokande detector.
Kamioka Observatory, ICRR (Institute for Cosmic Ray Research), The University of Tokyo
The Nobel Prize-winning research on neutrinos is expected to push the boundaries of science and technology.
What properties allow lab-made metals to flow like liquids (as in this digital art)?
These laboratory-made metals have unusual properties that consumer electronics manufacturers love. New research used high-energy X-rays to figure out why.
Element 117 is unofficially named ununseptium which is Latin for 117.
The hunt for long-lived superheavy elements has taken another leap forward now we’ve confirmed the existence of Element 117, also known as ununseptium. It was first seen briefly by a team of US and Russian…
A new synthetic metabolic pathway has been created to more efficiently break down glucose, potentially leading to an increase…
Atomic motions have been recorded in real-time, providing insights into the foundations of chemistry. University of Toronto…
A single layer of atoms can be used to enhance or restrict heat flow between materials. The finding comes as researchers…
Atoms cooled to extremely low temperatures have been observed entering a rare state called “quantum criticality”. Physicists…