The largest animals on the planet - the baleen whales - prey on some of the smallest. But how did their teeth evolve into the filters they use today?
A 133 million-year-old fossil hints that dinosaurs had bigger brains than we've realised.
Next time you bite down on something you're eating, spare a thought for the evolutioniary leap made by an ancient fish that gave rise to our jaws.
Were legs a quirk of genetic mutation rather than an evolutionary inevitability?
Uncovering the monsters of the prehistoric deep.
Modern sabre-tooth mammals have their canines constantly on display. This allows them to seduce mates. But was sexual selection also an important phenomenon among our pre-mammalian ancestors?
Scientists say they've found fossils showing life existed on Earth 3.7 billion years ago. How good is the evidence? And what does it mean for the search for life elsewhere in our solar system?
When it comes to valuable African fossils, much is at stake. They often unearth disputed ways of debating archaeology as a science of ‘discovery’.
For centuries, the fossil remains of back-boned animals were studied primarily from their hardened bones. Now palaeontologists can study the softer side of these ancient creatures.
Fossils discovered in Uzbekistan help tell the story of how T. Rex evolved to become the biggest predator ever to live on land.
Scientists have uncovered one of the most detailed and well-preserved nervous system fossils ever found.
New research reveals the case for swimming dinosaurs isn't as clear cut as once thought.
The big question being asked is: where does Homo naledi fit in the evolutionary tree? Assessing the similarity or dissimilarity between fossil skulls has provided a possible clue to the answer.
They might have ruled the world for millions of years but even dinosaurs can play host to parasites.
Scientists have come up with a way to tell how hot dinosaurs were by studying the remains of their eggs.
Scientists have shown how tiny organic tissue remnants in fossils correspond to the pigments in the animals' original skin and hair.
The discovery of Homo naledi has been a social media sensation, recording an extraordinary number of views – more than 170,000 – for a scientific paper.
Every state and territory in Australia should have one: a fossil emblem. Not only can they be good for tourism but they can also help teach people about the ancient history of the regions.
Palaeontologists say it's rare to find a rich fossil site in an urban area. That's why they're worried such a site near Melbourne could be threatened by proposed development.
A new fossil has reminded us that the real velociraptors were a world away from the huge scaly lizards seen in Juarssic World.