Lepidoptera insects are at least 70m years older than we previously knew.
As a new David Attenborough documentary examines a remarkable fossil, a leading expert gives his verdict.
Fossilised bones discovered in New Zealand reveal an extinct penguin which may have been the largest to ever live, around the same height as an average man.
Scientists in New Zealand have discovered an extinct penguin known as Kumimanu biceae that was 1.77m tall.
Researchers in human evolution used to focus on Africa and Eurasia – but not anymore. Discoveries in Asia and Australia have changed the picture, revealing early, complex cultures outside of Africa.
'Marsupial lions' aren't really lions - but they did have teeth that formed a pair of secateur-like blades. The newly found species lived in forests of Queensland around 20 million years ago.
Researchers use CT scanners to take first look inside pterosaur eggs.
Scientists can be overly thirsty for dinosaur blood.
One animator combined his skills with paleontological evidence to breathe movement into a dinosaur fossil to eye-catching effect.
Reconstructing the colours of the feathered Sinosauropteryx gives hints about its habitat and lifestyle.
Recent research suggests that humankind's origins lay outside of Africa. This is the nature of science: a paradigm that cannot be questioned on a regular basis becomes a dogma.
Until this discovery, theropod dinosaurs were thought to be considerably smaller, at three to five metres in body length, during the Early Jurassic.
Maeve, age 8, has a question that has stumped many scientists over the years. And that’s because it’s a surprisingly tricky question to answer. It depends a bit on what you mean by 'person'.
Bones and texts showed how decades of strenuous hikes led to higher levels of osteoarthritis in workers' knees and ankles in an ancient Egyptian village.
A rush of ancient DNA projects in Africa has presented the curators of archaeological skeletons with ethical issues because research requires the destruction of human bone.
Two fossils found in South Africa provide direct evidence of parental care in extinct pre-mammalian ancestors.
The Moschops fossil was discovered in South Africa in 1911 and a new study of a complete skull shows how its dense braincase protected the brain and sense organs during head-to-head combat.
The evidence of a much earlier presence of humans in Indonesia was found more than 100 years ago. But only now has the age of the fossil teeth been accurately dated.
The footprints of dinosaurs can tell a lot about how they moved about many millions of years ago.
The location of a dinosaur find on a remote Queensland sheep station was lost for almost 80 years. But the site was rediscovered, and details are now emerging about the make up of the new dinosaur.