Cultural, social and environmental factors all matter if India wants to succeed in its goal to boost sanitation.
Big sewer pipes take all sewage to a place where it is treated. This place is called a sewage treatment plant.
You flush the toilet. Down it goes. What happens after that? Clancy, age four, wants to know.
Colonial notions of public and private space are embedded in sewage systems.
Modern sewerage infrastructure, exported from Britain to the globe, is entirely dependent on water. In a world of growing climate extremes, it's time to look beyond this colonial legacy.
The invention of the flush toilet was probably one of the most unsustainable innovations in human history.
People use the Wawa River in the Philippines for many purposes.
Phoebelyn Gulunan, 2016
Community participation is vital to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. But at the moment it often comes too little, too late.
Olympic rowers train in waters near Rio. The lack of sufficient treatment has raised health concerns for athletes.
Expecting the rest of the world to adopt expensive, centralized sewage treatments systems common in the U.S. is not realistic.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi hits the street with cleaners to promote Swachh Bharat.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi wants to bring 1.5 million toilets to the 600 million Indians without access by 2019. If he fails that could prove dangerous in an election year.
Newly built toilets at Harper transit site in Liberia.
While everyone needs access to proper sanitation to stay healthy, for girls and women it is also an issue of safety and equal participation in society.
Children in Ethiopia wash their hands outside a school latrine.
More than two billion people lack access to decent sanitation. Innovative sanitation technologies can bring toilets into the 21st century with benefits for the developing and developed world.
Ruin of a second-century public toilet in Roman Ostia.
Fr Lawrence Lew, OP
Archaeological and textual detective work is filling in some information about how ancient Romans used and thought about their sewers thousands of years ago.
The treacherous toilet.
Public 'restroom' is a euphemism of the highest order. We don't find it restful.
Poor sanitation leads to diseases like malnutrition and stunted growth in children. It also makes them sick and unable to attend school.
We know that Africa's cities need better sanitation. But is the global focus on private rather than shared toilets really the best approach?
Residents of Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. Sanitation in the city is extremely poor.
Sanitation is a massive problem in East Africa. On the supply side there are a host of problems which are preventing people from accessing decent sanitation.
Millions of people in Africa don’t have access to adequate sanitation.
Despite improvements, there are still millions of people without adequate sanitation in Africa. Sustainable solutions that can be replicated elsewhere are being developed in South Africa.
A woman stands outside a makeshift toilet built by a resident of a slum colony based on the bank of the Yamuna River, India.
Indian prime minister Narendra Modi has wowed audiences in Australia during his recent visit and used the occasion to remind people of his plan to provide a toilet at home for all Indians by 2019. The…
Sewage would be useful if it wasn’t mixed in together.
The critical links between water, sanitation, and our global consumption of energy – the “energy-water nexus” are more obvious than ever before. But how many of us will take direct action at the most basic…
What toilet? In this refugee camp, children play in the holes dug for latrines.
Why does one third of the world’s population have inadequate sanitation? Hopefully I can shed a bit of light on this. You see, my work is shit – literally – which is why I call myself a water, sanitation…
Toilets aren’t just a bin for human waste - they’re a receptacle for future fertiliser.
What goes down our toilet is commonly viewed as waste. This makes intuitive sense because separating people from their excreta - sanitation - is arguably the single most important public health objective…