Hurricane Matthew approaching the east coast of Florida on Oct. 6, 2016.
Two atmospheric scientists explain how they weigh evidence such as ocean temperatures, wind speeds and other climate patterns to predict how many Atlantic hurricanes are likely to form this year.
All tropical cyclones in the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season, with their locations shown at six-hour intervals and color representing maximum wind speed.
Major hurricanes threaten millions of people and billions of dollars in property along the Atlantic coast. Here experts advise on preparing, understanding forecasts and recovering after a storm.
Tornado seven miles south of Anadarko, Oklahoma, May 3, 1999.
OAR/ERL/National Severe Storms Laboratory/Flickr
More tornadoes occur in the United States than in any other country, mainly in the Great Plains, the Midwest and southern states. Two meteorology professors explain what causes these dangerous storms.
Igor Zh / Shutterstock.com
Weather forecasting stopped looking for patterns in the past, and started using numbers to look solidly at the future.
Sixteen of the 17 hottest years have occurred this century and we know it’s because of a changing climate, not changes in weather.
For the third consecutive year, it's the hottest year ever. A climate scientist explains how these predictions are made and why they're completely different from forecasting the weather.
A big part of South Africa’s appeal lies in its good weather. Climate change poses a risk to the tourism industry.
IMAGE REUTERS/Mike Hutchings
South Africa's weather is very attractive to international visitors. Climate change could alter their perceptions unless mitigation strategies are put in place.
NASA Earth Science Division operating missions, including systems managed by NOAA and USGS.
NASA Earth Observing System
President Trump's 2018 budget request cuts funding for NASA Earth observation research and cancels four missions. Weather forecasters, businesses, scientists and the armed forces rely on this data.
Damage from Hurricane Matthew in North Charleston, South Carolina, October 2016.
Conservative commentators accused government officials last week of hyping risks from Hurricane Matthew. A meteorologist explains why this is impossible in the internet era.
Data about farms’ financial situation as well as the weather could help identify those most vulnerable to drought.
Forecasting drought should be about more than weather – to help those likely to be hit hardest, we need financial and even health data too.
Hurricane Pali churns over the eastern Pacific on January 11.
NASA Earth Observatory
January hurricanes are rare events, but two have already formed this month. Atmospheric scientist Adam Sobel explains the conditions that generated Pali and Alex.
Are you dreaming of a festive win at the bookies? Here are your chances.
Simpler climate models could help more people understand the processes behind the predictions.
Climate models are complicated - and necessarily so if they are to recreate our complex world. But a new, simpler climate model aims to take some of the mystery out of the art of climate modelling.
One of the world's top weather forecasting services just lost a major contract.
This doesn’t happen very often. But the Bureau of Meteorology is getting much better at predicting when it will.
AAP Image/NEWZULU/BILL SHRAPNEL
Moaning about weather forecasts is almost an Australian national pastime. But weather predictions have improved a lot, and with a new satellite and supercomputer, they are about to get even more reliable.
Luckily, we have more to go on now than just knowing the tracks of previous named storms.
We're no longer caught off guard when hurricanes make landfall, the way people were into the early 1900s. Better communications, measurements and observations all feed into better forecasts and more warning.
Hurricane path forecasts are good, but even the ‘cone of uncertainty’ doesn’t fully describe where the hazards could be.
National Hurricane Center
Forecasting successes can breed complacency in the general public. But all hurricane damage isn't necessarily contained within the "cone of uncertainty."
Whale sharks were one of the warm water species to move south during the 2010-2011 marine heatwave.
While eastern Australia trembles in the face of an El Niño, Western Australia's oceans could finally see relief from devastating marine heatwaves.
Breaking the ice: while scientists increasingly understand why Antarctic sea ice is growing, it remains tricky to forecast.
Australian Antarctic Division
Antarctica's sea ice is changing in ways that scientists didn't predict, and is now causing headaches for Antarctic stations.
Warming seas suggest El Niño is on the horizon.
El Niño is officially on, and comparing it to previous events suggests it could be big one, perhaps leading to record-breaking temperatures.
El Niño is often associated with drier conditions in winter and spring in eastern Australia.
Tim J Keegan/Flickr
El Niño is officially here according to the Bureau of Meteorology.