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Articles sur Europe

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5G can also be deployed in ‘private’ networks, but it is still very expensive. Solutions for both private and public networks. Nosyrevy/Shutterstock

How to make 5G less expensive

The deployment of 5G networks depends on the compatibility of the instruments and protocols of a handful of industry players.
On 3 July 1970, France carried out the “Licorne” nuclear test on the atoll of Muroroa, French Polynesia. Creative Commons

Even a limited nuclear war could devastate the world’s oceans: here’s what our modelling shows

In Europe, a large-scale war could cause the Baltic Sea to freeze over and severely compromise food security – potentially for decades and even centuries to come.
Police officers gather at the site where offcials say a Russian-made missile fell. AP Photo

Could Poland demand NATO act in event of Russian attack? An expert explains Article 4 and 5 commitments following missile blast

Polish authorities are investigating what they initially believed to be a Russian-made missile blast close to the border with Ukraine. Later, the country’s president said it was likely to have been an accident.
Rocca Calascio is a mountaintop fortress in the province of L'Aquila in Italy. It bears witness to the long relationship between humanity and mountains, and how natural landscapes are also culture ones. UNESCO

Earth’s cathedrals: Europe’s mountains are cultural heritage, not just natural heritage

Often thought of as eternal, mountains are vulnerable to climate change and tourism. To protect them, they should be recognised for their cultural values, not just their natural characteristics.
The migrant centre on the Greek island of Samos is surrounded by three layers of fence and barbed wire. According to authorities, it is designed to host up to 3,000 people, of which 2,100 will have a “controlled access” and 900 will be in detention waiting to be sent back to Turkey (21 July, 2021). Evgenia Chorou/MSF

Out of sight, out of mind: Europe’s increasing pushback against migrants

In the wake of revelations on the EU’s failure to protect migrants, an MSF doctor details how those seeking to reach Europe’s shores are increasingly falling prey to violent deterrence methods.
Marcel Proust on a French postage stamp. Shutterstock

When Marcel Proust talks physics

From electricity to X-rays, the Doppler Effect and even quantum theory, Proust’s writing is littered with physics references.
Far-right political parties, often Eurosceptic, have long been at work building their influence in Brussels. On June 12, 2019, Italy’s Lega and France’s Rassemblement National announced that they would form the Identity and Democracy (ID) group within the European Parliament. At a press conference the next day, Marco Zanni of Lega (L) shakes hands with the RN’s Marine Le Pen. Aris Oikonomou/AFP

The fox in the chicken coop: how the far right is playing the European Parliament

How political parties such as Fidesz, Brothers of Italy, and the National Rally form part of the European Parliament.
On 22 July 2022, President Andrzej Duda chose to ratify the NATO protocol on the accession of Sweden and Finland to the Alliance on a Polish warship. Mateusz Slodkowski/AFP

Poland dreams of building Europe’s largest army, against backdrop of Russia’s war against Ukraine

By the end of the decade, Poland’s arms capacity could exceed that of the French, German, UK, Italian, Dutch and Belgian forces combined.
A hunter in France takes aim on 21 August 2021. The consumption of alcohol or drugs during hunting makes the practice dangerous even for hunters themselves. Pascal Pochard Casabian/AFP

In France, the tough debate about hunting and alcohol

A recent French Senate report calling on a ban on alcohol use while hunting has prompted the wrath of the country’s hunting lobby. Do its arguments hold water?
A depressive episode traps the patient in a negative view of the world around them. KieferPix/Shutterstock

How does ketamine help fight depressive beliefs?

Approximately 280 million people in the world suffer for depression. Despite this, the disorder remains poorly explained and is often difficult to treat. Ketamine could offer an innovative approach.
Google’s EU headquarters is located in Dublin, Ireland. The EU’s new Digital Markets Act could rein in the company’s power. Wikimedia

Can the EU’s Digital Markets Act rein in big tech?

While the EU’s ground-breaking legislation to regulate “digital gatekeepers” has its flaws, it could rein in big tech and significantly change how it operates in Europe – and perhaps the world.
The HBM4EU project has set out to monitor Europeans’ chemical exposure on an unprecedented scale. Davit Khutsishvili/Shutterstock

What exactly are chemicals doing to our bodies? European scientists team up to find out

Chemicals are omnipresent in our lives and production is booming, yet we know little about their impacts on human health. To fill the gap, the EU has launched a series of biomonitoring initiatives.
According to INSEE, 68% of the wage gap between men and women is due to the fact that they do not occupy the same positions, which is directly related to the field they choose.

Educational pathways drive France’s gender pay gap – what our research shows

Region-level data from France indicate that some masters-level specialities dominated by women have low levels of remuneration once in employment.
In 2014, protesters chant “Our name is Strelkov,” in solidarity with the military veteran, Igor Girkin. Also known by the alias Igor Strelkov (“shooter”), he played a key role in the annexation of Crimea and the war in Donbas. Vasily Maximov/AFP

Has Vladimir Putin been outflanked by the Russian far right?

Putin’s annexation speech was heavy on ultranationalist references. Understanding Russia’s far right figureheads and what they stand for is now essential for deciphering the Kremlin’s war strategy.

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