Articles on Civil war

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Preparing to decorate graves, May 1899. Library of Congress

The forgotten history of Memorial Day

Memorial Day, a holiday that began 150 years ago, was born out of generous gestures after the Civil War: Southerners decorated graves of Confederate soldiers as well as those of former Union enemies.
Competition between neighbours, rather than between strangers living far apart, amplifies inequality. This can lead to homicide and civil war. Pexels

How competition fuels inequality and conflict

Competition between neighbours turns up the volume on inequality. Homicide and civil war may be the result.
A Rohingya Muslim child kisses his mother after they fled Myanmar for Bangladesh in September 2017. Thousands of Rohingya Muslims have fled their country for places like Malaysia and Thailand, where a UN agency assesses their refugee claims. But can the UNHCR unwittingly cause countries to neglect investigating war crimes? (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

The trouble with impunity: War crimes and a humanitarian agency

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees assesses the refugee claims of millions of people worldwide. It needs to be more open about what it discovers and how it makes decisions.
‘Farewell, to all my greatness’ — President Andrew Johnson’s departure from office was lampooned by Harper’s Weekly. Library of Congress

Andrew Johnson’s failed presidency echoes in Trump’s White House

A historian looks back at Andrew Johnson's unlikely and unsuccessful presidency and why he wasn't cut out for the job.
Central African Republic President Faustin-Archange Touadera inspects a guard of honor in Ivory Coast. Legnan Koula/EPA

For the Central African Republic there will be no peace without justice

Since civil war broke out in the Central African Republic four years ago, citizens continue to live in fear. They say that peace will only come when the war criminals are brought to justice.
Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi has agreed a truce with opposition Renamo leader Afonso Dhlakama. EPA/Antonio Silva

Mozambique’s unexpected truce still hangs in the balance

The main sticking point in the failed efforts at peace is the demand by Renamo that it be allowed to appoint provincial governors in the provinces where it claims to have won an electoral majority.
An April 30, 1966 file photo of King Jr. addressing a rally in Birmingham, Alabama, AP Photo/JT, File

What shaped King’s prophetic vision?

Martin Luther King Jr. used a prophetic voice in his preaching -- a hopeful voice that addressed human tragedy. But it was the black clerics who came before him, who helped King develop that voice.

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