The number of births in the US is down 2 percent. That pops the country's 'fertility bubble' – and brings numbers closer in line with peer countries.
This penalty can amount to more than 15 percent of a mom's paycheck. Ramping up paid maternity leave and high-quality child care would probably help narrow the gap.
Why is it all about mom? Fathers want to be more involved in their children's lives, but are limited by public policy and social institutions. This is a bad deal for dads, kids and moms alike.
The nation needs a more comprehensive approach to family leave and relief for parents with child care expenses. But the proposals the Trump team rolled out initially fell short.
What will Donald Trump do for women as president? Republicans want to curb abortion rights, but Trump could break new ground and win female support by delivering on child care and paid family leave.
A look at the policy proposals that will impact family life.