The Mendi shown here in pre-war days in use as a mail ship.
Courtesy of the John Gribble Collection
What might be the purpose of historical fiction? Perhaps to the humble and subtle to recognise and pay tribute to lives that came before us.
Allied forces wearing gas masks at Ypres, 1917.
The first fully industrialised war prompted many to draw parallels between human society and the insect world.
How academic sleuthing uncovered the Edinburgh setting for a historic meeting of three of the greatest war poets
A pigeon ready for release, showing the cylinder containing a message strapped to her leg.
Imperial War Museum
The humble carrier pigeon played a huge role in World War I and saved many lives. But despite huge technological advances, animals are still suffering and dying in modern wars.
A visitor pauses at the Vietnam War Memorial in Washington, D.C.
AP Photo/J. David Ake, File
An Army veteran and professor of rhetoric explores poetry written by veterans about a divisive holiday born of the Civil War.
Igor Zh / Shutterstock.com
Weather forecasting stopped looking for patterns in the past, and started using numbers to look solidly at the future.
An April 2017 commemoration in Edinburgh for the centenary of the Battle of Arras.
David Cheskin/PA Wire
A 1915 morality play by Vernon Lee makes a powerful critique of jingoist group-think.
German infantrymen aim machine guns from a trench near the Vistula River in 1916.
In the winter of 1915, a German soldier died in a field hospital in Russia. We don't know his name, but he helped revolutionize the way gay people have advocated for equality.
The censorship board. George Creel is seated at far right.
Harris & Ewing/Library of Congress
An executive order signed in 1917 created what's been called 'the nation's first ministry of information.' The media are still feeling its impact.
Part of a black cotton cushion cover depicting the Australian coat of arms embroidered by Lance Corporal Alfred Briggs (Albert Biggs), 20 Battalion, AIF.
Courtesy of Australian War Memorial
Embroidery - often seen as women's work - was a common form of therapy for troops wounded in the first world war. One soldier, Albert Biggs, learned to sew with his left hand after his right arm was badly injured.
Australians are deeply attached to the cluster of beliefs and traditions we call the ‘Anzac legend’.
In 1960, historian Ken Inglis wondered if Anzac functioned as a secular religion in Australian society. In 2017, we can confidently answer: yes, it does.
Many in the Western Front contracted haemorrhagic dysentery.
Wellcome Library, London
When commemorating our troops, doctors and nurses this Anzac Day, consider also tipping your hat to the discovery of bacteriophages. In the post-antibiotic era, our health might just depend on them.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been a central figure in linking the Gallipoli campaign with Islamic conceptualisations of the Turkish nation.
The Gallipoli campaign has, in recent years, increasingly become part of the culture wars in Turkey associated with the rise of political Islam.
Edward Thomas used English to write about the spirit of Wales.
Arthur St John Adcock/Wikimedia
Poet Edward Thomas took from the traditions of Wales, and the beauty of the land to describe the horrors of war.
Chief John Big Tree, Dark Cloud, Jack Cosgrave, Adda Gleason and Robert Goldstein in The Spirit of ‘76 (1917).
During the war, fear of being undermined by the enemy sparked restrictions on freedom of speech. As a result, thousands of Americans were prosecuted.
The crosses at Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery in France.
Writings at the time of WWI aimed to construct a religiously diverse and conflicted America into a virtuous, Christian nation. This narrative continued in the cemeteries for the war heroes.
President Woodrow Wilson addressing a joint session of Congress on April 2, 1917, urging a declaration that a state of war exists.
Wilson coined the phrase 'America First' and appealed for 'peace without victory.' But on April 2, 1917 he asked Congress for a declaration of war. The impact on American foreign policy was profound.
The Navy converted to oil from coal a few years before the U.S. entered World War I, helping to solidify petroleum’s strategic status.
Naval History and Heritage Command
Before World War I, petroleum had few practical uses, but it emerged from the war as a strategic global asset necessary for national stability and security.
Some soldiers’ wounds in WWI were more mental than physical.
George Metcalf Archival Collection
Mental health trauma has always been a part of war. Treatments have come a long way over the last century, but we still don't understand why the responses change for different people and times.
Peace Delegates on the Noordam – Mrs. P. Lawrence, Jane Addams, Anna Molloy.
Library of Congress
A century ago, American women organized to protest World War I. The fact that their efforts failed isn't the most important point.