A Somali man talks to Kenya Defence Forces (KDF) soldiers as they secure an area in the coastal town of Kismayu in southern Somalia.
Kenya cited national security when it crossed into Somali territory in pursuit of Al-Shabaab militants. But there were numerous other potential aims at play.
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during a presidential campaign rally in the capital Kampala in 2016.
As a young radical in the 1980s, Museveni publicly scorned African rulers who clung to power. Now, after 30 years in office, he is clearly clinging pretty hard himself.
An elderly woman displays her inked finger after casting her vote during the 2016 presidential elections in Uganda.
The outcome of the race between increasingly artful electoral manipulation and limitless possible manifestations of democratic expression is never entirely certain.
Uganda’s small and medium sized enterprises would facilitate firm growth.
Uganda's economy has seen many changes since independence. Trends in recent years are positive, although some key challenges remain.
South Sudanese refugees at the Bidi Bidi camp in Uganda.
Uganda has won praise for the way it treats its refugees. But now it is at breaking point.
Rwandan President Paul Kagame attending a 2016 climate change conference in Marrakech, Morocco.
A Trump presidency brings into question America’s traditional approach to Africa, especially Rwanda. But a true shift in US foreign policy in Africa is not a priority for the Trump administration.
The Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh is under pressure from regional leaders to cede power.
The Gambian election dispute is not the first that ECOWAS has confronted. Côte d’Ivoire’s 2010 presidential election is a case in point. There it resorted to military action to enforce the outcome.
A police officer takes a picture of a royal guard to Charles Wesley Mumbere, king of the Rwenzururu kingdom, during the November crackdown.
It comes as no surprise that nationhood in Uganda is still an elusive idea. Many people associate with their ethnic groups more affectionately than with their country.
Kenyans rally for a new constitution in 2010. The constitution guaranteed shared power and resources for 47 county governments.
The Kenyan example illustrates the importance of constitutional guarantees for devolution. But it also shows that devolution is no magic bullet for the problems of corruption and ethnic politics.
In the 1990s Paul Kagame of Rwanda, along with Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia, were considered the democratic darlings of Africa.
Africa's democratic promise of the 1990s has lost its shine. Hopes for accountable rule have faded in Uganda, Ethiopia and Rwanda. All have blocked the path to meaningful popular empowerment.
African leaders meet at the African Union Summit held in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 2015.
Silencing the guns in Africa by 2020 will require a Herculean effort on the part of the AU Peace and Security Council, whose remit is to prevent, manage and resolve conflicts.
A Nigerien voter makes his feelings felt.
African elections and referendums are still a heady mixture of the graceful and the shameless.
Riot police detain a supporter of Forum for Democratic Change, Uganda’s leading opposition party, as they break up a campaign procession.
The heavy-handed tactics used by Uganda's authorities during the 2016 elections have raised questions about a return to an oppressive past.
Here we go again.
Uganda's president has ruled for three decades – and the opposition is getting stagnant too.