The November 2020 local and regional elections have indeed put Namibia’s political culture at a crossroads.
The changes proposed by the initiative are were well-addressed in the country's 2010 Constitution.
The trouble is that the ANC's branch structure, designed initially as a means of grassroots democracy at work, is in a mess.
For every office holder who may lose a seat because they are prosecuted, another job opens up.
After endless, futile negotiations with the Kabila camp, Tshisekedi appears to have finally recognised the limits of the coalition government and has lost patience.
President John Magufuli won a second term by a contested landslide and looks set to take even greater control of Tanzania's democratic space.
There are individual activists and political groupings who believe violent action is legitimate and use the circumstances to actively drive such behaviour.
Tanzania's October poll shows that elections are purely performative for governments which do not adhere to the basic tenets of democracy.
Magufuli took a populist approach in trying to woo voters away from an invigorated opposition, and when that didn't work he reported to oppressive tactics.
Since parties always need money, forcing them to depend on private funders means throwing them into the hands of donors who will demand favours for their cash.
As key opposition members lose seats in their strongholds, it is clear that Tanzania's ruling party is set to establish a super-majority that will institute a deeper authoritarian agenda.
The country has built a fairly good reputation for well-functioning, democratic governance.
The full benefits of digital democracy are being thwarted by digital exclusion that is driven by the high cost of data.
For all of the shortcomings of Nyerere’s regime, his ideas continue to inspire Tanzanians fighting for a more equal and democratic future, over 20 years after his death.
International observation will not insulate controversial polls – such as Tanzania's in October – from malpractices, but will make them less likely and allow them to be exposed.
The bigger parties which contest elections at all three levels would benefit the most -- but voters might split their votes.
Citizens have been denied their right to elect officials at the grassroots and this has allowed the central government to maintain rigid control of the country's regions.
A united opposition could create enough momentum to unseat incumbent John Magufuli from power.
Far from the myth of the omnipotent father of the nation, big man or dictator, the Kenyan presidential system was built on divisions and uncertainty.
African countries need to make a concerted effort to establish a continental two-term policy.