The seeds of discord that were planted in independent Togo have resulted in ethnic divisions, and a state that has long been ruled by family. But recent protests could mean things are about to change.
While Kenya's political leaders often adopt a populist approach to politics, it's not unimaginable that the courts could also pursue a populist path by claiming to speak for the people.
Democracy doesn't seem to work within societies governed by politics of ethnicity. Instead, elections continue to offer up the hard choice between electoral credibility and political stability.
Kenya's electoral commission faced many legal challenges before the general election, and yet another after the poll. But how will the Supreme Court's historic ruling impact the country's democracy?
One way to diffuse the tension when Kenyans choose a head of state is to take that decision out of their hands. This could help achieve ethnic cohesion.
Fake news has intruded on every aspect of life. Audiences need to counter its appeal, as the media alone is incapable of debunking false information.
Some might see Kenya's presidential election petition as 'nuisance legislation'. But legal arbitration must be encouraged as an audit to the democratic process.
Angola's president-elect, João Lourenço, has a reputation for relative probity. But, he's unlikely to rock the boat as Eduardo dos Santos remains party chairman.
The twilight of Jacob Zuma's ruinous presidency coincides with growing revulsion at his misrule of South Africa. But, it's important that his erstwhile supporters acknowledge their complicity.
Much international media focus has been on Kenya's election being a trigger for violence, but that's only part of the story. The ongoing grievances of Kenyans must be addressed.
Unless parliament passes a motion of no confidence in him, which is not on the cards any time soon, Zuma's future depends on whether he's weakened in the African National Congress, not parliament.
Are different ways of governing emerging from South Africa's cities governed by opposition coalitions?
South African President Jacob Zuma, should be worried about the outcome of the no confidence vote in him. His legitimacy in the ANC and the country has plummeted.
Kenya has just gone through a charged campaign period, followed by a contested election result. The media has been out in force covering it all. But did they do a good job?
Despite concerns about corruption, the high cost of living and a stagnating economy, Kenyans may have handed Uhuru Kenyatta a second term.
All three female contenders for the presidency of the ANC and South Africa have strong liberation struggle credentials and have also contributed to democracy. But, are they up to the job?
In Kenya, the overwhelming majority of political contributions come from a tiny number of individuals. This model of financing turns politics into a high-stakes game that very often turns violent.
What South Africa's opposition parties want Parliament and the courts to do would damage the country's democracy.
The two main candidates in Kenya's election are incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta and the opposition's Raila Odinga. Polls have them neck-and-neck. Here's what you need to know about the key issues.
President Joseph Kabila remains in office despite upheaval in the DRC. He can still save face and a change of heart could see him become the first Congolese president to relinquish power.