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Articles on Armed conflict

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Mauritanian soldiers stand guard near the border with Mali in the fight against jihadists in Africa’s Sahel region. Photo by Thomas Samson/AFP via Getty Images

Mapping the contours of Jihadist groups in the Sahel

Jihadi groups take advantage of endemic poverty, inequality, high unemployment levels, illiteracy, ethnic divisions, and poor governance to spread their campaign of violence in the Sahel region.
A Russian armoured personnel carrier on the streets of Bangui. Photo by Camille Laffont/AFP via Getty Images

What it will take to end civil war in the Central African Republic

Only an emphasis on civilian aspects of rule, such as education and health, can shield the state from rebellions that challenge state power in the future.
Survivors of the violence in Benishangul-Gumuz gather in a circle at a displaced persons camp in Chagni, Ethiopia in December 2020. GettyImages

What’s causing the violence in western Ethiopia

It's a confluence of local, regional, national and, possibly, foreign interests.
A freedom march for Biafra held to mark the anniversary of the unilateral declaration of independence in 1967 that sparked a brutal 30-month civil war in Nigeria. Stefano Montesi - Corbis/Getty Images

We decrypted messages from the Biafran war that have remained secret for 50 years

Fifty years after the Biafran civil war in Nigeria, the efforts of secessionist diplomats have recently come to light through the decryption of telexes sent from Portugal to Biafra during the war.
A patient is connected to an oxygen tank at the Afghan-Japan Communicable Disease Hospital for COVID-19 patients in Kabul, Afghanistan, in June 2020. Afghan media has reported that COVID-19 patients are dying in government hospitals due to shortages of medical oxygen. (AP Photo/Rahmat Gul)

Afghanistan’s COVID-19 crisis has been fuelled by armed conflict

Decades of armed conflict in Afghanistan has destroyed health-care infrastructure and the reconstruction efforts have failed to provide accessible healthcare, exacerbating the COVID-19 crisis.
Parents and family must consciously support children in completing a few hours of school work during this period. GettyImages

Impact of school closures on education outcomes in South Africa

Despite the best efforts of governments, schools and parents there’ll be learning losses across the board and worsened educational outcomes for the poor.
FARC commander Iván Márquez issued a return to armed struggle in a video posted Aug. 29, 2019. Reuters TV (screengrab)

Colombia’s peace process under stress: 6 essential reads

Dissidents in Colombia’s FARC guerrillas are threatening to renew armed struggle three years after signing a landmark peace deal. Here, experts explain the history of Colombia’s fragile peace process.
Red Cross forensic specialist Stephen Fonseca, right, searches for bodies in a field of ruined maize in Magaru, Mozambique, after Cyclone Idai, April 4, 2019. AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi

Humanitarian forensic scientists trace the missing, identify the dead and comfort the living

Meet the unsung aid workers who put their lives on the line during war and natural disaster to make sure the dead are treated with respect – and that their grieving families get closure.
It was defoliants, seen here during Operation Ranch Hand in the Vietnam War, that prompted action to protect the environment during conflicts. National Museum of the US Air Force

Environmental destruction is a war crime, but it’s almost impossible to fall foul of the laws

A group of scientists want a new Geneva Convention to safeguard the environment during wars and conflicts. We already have such rules, but they’re inadequate, inconsistent and unclear.

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