Articles on Armed conflict

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FARC commander Iván Márquez issued a return to armed struggle in a video posted Aug. 29, 2019. Reuters TV (screengrab)

Colombia’s peace process under stress: 6 essential reads

Dissidents in Colombia's FARC guerrillas are threatening to renew armed struggle three years after signing a landmark peace deal. Here, experts explain the history of Colombia's fragile peace process.
Red Cross forensic specialist Stephen Fonseca, right, searches for bodies in a field of ruined maize in Magaru, Mozambique, after Cyclone Idai, April 4, 2019. AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi

Humanitarian forensic scientists trace the missing, identify the dead and comfort the living

Meet the unsung aid workers who put their lives on the line during war and natural disaster to make sure the dead are treated with respect – and that their grieving families get closure.
It was defoliants, seen here during Operation Ranch Hand in the Vietnam War, that prompted action to protect the environment during conflicts. National Museum of the US Air Force

Environmental destruction is a war crime, but it’s almost impossible to fall foul of the laws

A group of scientists want a new Geneva Convention to safeguard the environment during wars and conflicts. We already have such rules, but they're inadequate, inconsistent and unclear.
Family members of Sunni men and boys in Iraq accused of supporting ISIS hold up pictures of their arrested relatives. AP Photo/Maya Alleruzzo

Iraq’s brutal crackdown on suspected Islamic State supporters could trigger civil war

Iraq beat the Islamic State. Now, its Shia government is jailing and even executing all suspected terrorists – most of them Sunni Muslims. The clampdown may inflame a centuries-old sectarian divide.
Smallholder agriculture in southern Ethiopia. Smallholder farmers are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. Leah Samberg

World hunger is increasing thanks to wars and climate change

According to the UN, world hunger is rising for the first time in 15 years. The answer is not only growing more food, but also buffering small-scale farmers against climate change and armed conflicts.
Supporters listen as Colombia’s disarmed Marxist insurgency, the FARC, publicly launches its new political party, also called the FARC. Jaime Saldarriaga/Reuters

Colombia’s FARC rebels have rebranded as a political party – now they need a leader

Meet the Commoners' Alternative Revolutionary Force, Colombia's newest political party. To move beyond its violent past, the new FARC will need a charismatic leader who can win over voters.
An army soldier in Douentza in the Mopti region of central Mali in March 2013, before the government lost control. Farafi net.com/flickr

Central Mali gripped by a dangerous brew of jihad, revolt and self-defence

With northern Mali mired in conflict, increasing instability in the centre of the country is worrying observers. The attitude of the Malian authorities holds the key to defusing these tensions.
Under proposed changes, the war crime of murder would not apply to collateral civilian deaths resulting from an otherwise lawful attack. EPA/Zouhir Al Shimale

Australia’s proposed war crimes amendments demand careful scrutiny

Under proposed changes, the war crime offence of murder, in a non-international armed conflict, would not apply to collateral civilian deaths resulting from an otherwise lawful attack.
The aftermath of an Israeli air strike on Gaza’s Islamic University. Higher education systems often become casualties of war. EPA/Mohammed Saber

How to rebuild higher education in countries torn apart by war

Quality higher education is crucial for recovery, peace-building, economic development and stronger governance in post-conflict societies.

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