When we listen to music, our brain predicts what will happen next. This prediction then influences whether or not we enjoy a song.
Musk’s autistic traits and history of being bullied might help explain why he appears combative on social media
We’ve become used to the term ‘brain fog’ in connection to long COVID. But what is it and how do you know if you have it?
Swearing can raise our pain threshold.
Horizontal number lines are often the default option – but our brains may process numbers more quickly in a vertical arrangement.
Cognition may evolve in response to increasing complexity.
Some scientists believe the ‘free energy principle’ can explain the behaviour of all living things – but others say it paints the world with too broad a brush to be useful.
To build a true artificial mind, first map out how thinking works. Enter the Common Model of Cognition.
Ex-pats continually reconstruct mental simulations of scenes, smells, sounds and sights from those places – sometimes causing stressful feelings and anxiety.
Human brains seem to be wired differently to those of chimps or macaques.
A big study accounting for genes and socioeconomic background suggests that video games actually cause children’s intelligence to grow.
Both too much and too little sleep may interfere with our cognition.
Research highlights the importance of daily meditation, exercise and sleep for improving executive functioning, a component of attention that helps people focus.
Cannabis use is linked to poorer memory, attention and mental health.
Researchers used a test designed for babies to show that rhesus monkeys can sense their own heartbeats. The finding opens up important paths of research into consciousness and mental health issues.
Emotions play a key role in many types of spontaneous thoughts. Even microemotions — which are often fleeting and unconscious — can affect thoughts and influence attention.
What use are we in helping to solve difficult global challenges if we’re so depressed and cognitively depleted that we can’t think of the best actions to take?
During the pandemic, carers reported their loved ones with dementia became more disoriented, restless and withdrawn. And carers themselves experienced poorer mental health.
Smart devices and sensors can now gauge mood and attention, effectively engaging in mind-reading. This intimate data collection raises questions about who has access and control of it.
The symptoms of menopause, which can include sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety and ‘brain fog’ can span perimenopause and last for up to ten years.