When he grabbed power in 1990, Déby promised to create a democratic society, but he turned out to be a ruthless authoritarian whose main agenda was to remain in office.
The resistance during this election cycle is even more passionate than in recent years.
She has been described as compassionate, rational and calm – attributes that are a far departure from her former boss.
The president leaves behind a legacy of extremes, on the one hand, a leader who wanted to create a better country for his people, and on the other, a ruthless authoritarian.
He came into office with a reputation for making broken systems work, but as he began his second presidential term John Magufuli became known as a ruthless and ambitious authoritarian.
Haji was an astute leader who rode the wave of leadership over a long and illustrious career in government and politics.
Having four female Commissioners out of six is a good start, but that alone is will not erase the vulnerabilities that women face in leadership and everyday life.
In surpassing opposition stalwart Kizza Besigye, Robert Kyagulanyi has done what many Ugandans thought impossible. But can he topple Museveni?
President John Magufuli won a second term by a contested landslide and looks set to take even greater control of Tanzania’s democratic space.
Tanzania’s October poll shows that elections are purely performative for governments which do not adhere to the basic tenets of democracy.
The ruling elites in parts of Africa are destabilising efforts to maintain order by living by their own rules
The people are frustrated with a reform agenda that is unfolding at snail’s pace.
The Building Bridges Initiative is best understood by recognising that Kenyan politics is fundamentally shaped by competition between political elites and their ethnic groups.
The former president’s complex legacy has often been marred by violence.
When protesters strip naked to amplify their political voice, it is often a last resort within very restrictive regimes.
Will President Pierre Nkurunziza peacefully relinquish office after the May poll?
Omar al-Bashir may be gone but Sudan still has a way to go before it enjoys a functioning democracy.
The former president’s stranglehold on the press made it very difficult for journalists to do their jobs.
Many believe that it is only a return to the country’s two-state federation that will end the conflict and break the impasse.
In Mauritius there’s been little change in cultural norms and values to genuinely support gender egalitarianism.