New legislation has recognised the Yarra River as a single, living entity. But what does that mean in practice?
Conservationists need to assess costs which allow for the adequate compensation of communities on protected lands, whose livelihoods are deeply entwined with forest use.
Relations between Indigenous peoples and environmentalists can be productive for both parties, but they will always be unstable.
Ever since British settlement, water rights in Australia's north have favoured landowners over traditional owners, effectively locking Aboriginal people out of agricultural development.